William Même

Learn More
Glufosinate ammonium (GLA) is the active component of herbicides widely used in agriculture, truck farming, or public domains. GLA acts by inhibiting the plant glutamine synthetase (GlnS). It also inhibits mammalian GlnS in vitro and ex vivo. In the central nervous system this enzyme is exclusively localized in glial cells. Whereas acute neurotoxic effects(More)
We have investigated the influence of the sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) Ca2+ content on the retrograde control of skeletal muscle L-type Ca2+ channels activity by ryanodine receptors (RyR). The effects of cyclopiazonic acid (CPA) and thapsigargin (TG), two structurally unrelated inhibitors of SR Ca(2+)-adenosine triphosphatase (ATPase), were examined on the(More)
The effects of cyclopiazonic acid (CPA) were investigated on isolated skeletal muscle fibers of frog semitendinosus muscle. CPA (0.5-10 microM) enhanced isometric twitch but produced little change in resting tension. At higher concentrations (10-50 microM), CPA depressed twitch and induced sustained contracture without affecting resting and action(More)
The effects of cyclopiazonic acid, a specific sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca2+-ATPase inhibitor, on isometric tension were studied in response to prolonged steady-state depolarization induced by a rapid change in extracellular potassium concentration (potassium contractures) in frog semitendinosus muscle fibres. Cyclopiazonic acid (1-10 microM) enhanced the(More)
Glufosinate-ammonium (GLA), the active compound of a worldwide-used herbicide, acts by inhibiting the plant glutamine synthetase (GS) leading to a lethal accumulation of ammonia. GS plays a pivotal role in the mammalian brain where it allows neurotransmitter glutamate recycling within astroglia. Clinical studies report that an acute GLA ingestion induces(More)
Contractile responses due to reduction in external sodium concentration ([Na+]o) were investigated in twitch skeletal muscle fibers of frog semitendinosus. Experiments were conducted after partial inhibition of sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca2+-ATPase by cyclopiazonic acid (CPA). In the absence of CPA, Na+ withdrawal failed to produce any change in resting(More)
The functional capacity of skeletal muscle sarcoplasmic reticulum was explored in slow rat soleus muscle after 21 days of hindlimb suspension. The sarcoplasmic reticulum function was assessed in intact and saponin-skinned fibers by using cyclopiazonic acid, a specific Ca(2+)-adenosinetriphosphatase inhibitor. After hindlimb unweighting, the sensitivity to(More)
Gd(3)L is a trinuclear Gd(3+) complex of intermediate size, designed for contrast agent applications in high field magnetic resonance imaging (H(12)L is based on a trimethylbenzene core bearing three methylene-diethylenetriamine- N,N,N'',N''-tetraacetate moieties). Thanks to its appropriate size, the presence of two inner sphere water molecules and a fast(More)
(13)C spectroscopy combined with the injection of (13)C-labeled substrates is a powerful method for the study of brain metabolism in vivo. Since highly localized measurements are required in a heterogeneous organ such as the brain, it is of interest to augment the sensitivity of (13)C spectroscopy by proton acquisition. Furthermore, as focal cerebral(More)
Molecular magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) approaches that detect biomarkers associated with neural activity would allow more direct observation of brain function than current functional MRI based on blood-oxygen-level-dependent contrast. Our objective was to create a synthetic molecular platform with appropriate recognition moieties for zwitterionic(More)