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OBJECTIVE Our null hypothesis was that the angiotensin II antagonist saralasin does not reduce the number of ovulations in the rat ovarian perfusion model. STUDY DESIGN Ovaries from pregnant mare's serum gonadotropin-stimulated immature rats were perfused with nutrient media to which luteinizing hormone and 3-isobutyl-1-methylxanthine had been added to(More)
In an attempt to prevent chemotherapy-induced ovarian follicular loss, [D-Leu6, des-Gly10-NH2]-luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone ethylamide (LHRHa) was given subcutaneously to Sprague-Dawley cycling female rats in two daily doses of 2.5 micrograms starting 2 days prior to and concomitant with cyclophosphamide (CTX) (5 mg/kg/day for 21 days). Four groups(More)
We have examined the effects of a new synthetic inhibitor of mammalian tissue collagenase, CI-1 (N-[3-N-(benzyloxycarbonyl)amino-1-(R)carboxypropyl]L-leucyl-O-methyl-L- tyrosine N-methylamide; G. D. Searle SC 40827), and a general metalloproteinase inhibitor, 1,10-phenanthroline, on ovulation, as judged by the observation of follicular rupture, and on(More)
A new, powerful, synthetic inhibitor of mammalian tissue collagenases and related metalloproteinases is inhibitory to ovulation in perfused rat ovaries. Ovaries of immature rats, primed with 20 IU of eCG, were dissected and perfused with 0.1 micrograms/ml LH and 0.2 mM 3-isobutyl-1-methylxanthine (IBMX) for 20 h. Addition of SC 44463 (N4-hydroxy-N1-[1S(More)
BACKGROUND Rupture of a pregnant uterus occurs most often in a scarred uterus, and spontaneous rupture of a non-scarred uterus in the early second trimester is rare. CASE A woman with two previous normal vaginal deliveries and no prior trauma to the uterus presented at 16 weeks' gestation with an acute abdomen due to intraperitoneal hemorrhage. A large(More)
Although the principal function of gonadotropin releasing hormone (GnRH) is to stimulate the pituitary gland to release luteinizing hormone (LH) and follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), there is evidence that agonistic analogues of GnRH directly inhibit steroidogenesis in the testis and ovary. On the other hand, Clark et al. have demonstrated that GnRH and(More)
A method has been developed to assay collagenase in ovarian extracts in the presence of tissue inhibitors. Rat ovarian tissue is first extracted with Triton X-100 and then heated to 60 degrees C in 50 mM Tris buffer containing 100 mM CaCl2. This extract contains collagenase activity and putative inhibitor(s). The inhibitory activity is removed by reduction(More)
The concentrations of prostaglandin F (PGF) and prostaglandin E (PGE) were measured by radioimmunoassay in isolated Graafian follicles of mature female rats during the pre and post ovulatory period of the estrous cycle. The levels of these prostaglandins were low and relatively constant from 8 a.m. to 4 p.m. on the day of proestrus, but there was a marked(More)