William Lehman

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The structural basis of thin filament-linked regulation of muscle contraction is not yet understood. Here we have used electron microscopy and three-dimensional image reconstruction to observe the effects of Ca2+ and myosin head binding on thin filament structure, especially on the position of tropomyosin. Thin filaments isolated in EGTA were treated with(More)
Past attempts to detect tropomyosin in electron micrograph images of frozen-hydrated troponin-regulated thin filaments under relaxing conditions have not been successful. This raised the possibility that tropomyosin may be disordered on filaments in the off-state, a possibility at odds with the steric blocking model of muscle regulation. By using(More)
Tropomyosin is present in virtually all eucaryotic cells, where it functions to modulate actin-myosin interaction and to stabilize actin filament structure. In striated muscle, tropomyosin regulates contractility by sterically blocking myosin-binding sites on actin in the relaxed state. On activation, tropomyosin moves away from these sites in two steps,(More)
Using a new procedure that combines electron-density correlation with biochemical information, we have fitted the crystal structure of the N-terminal actin-binding domain of human T-fimbrin to helical reconstructions of fimbrin-decorated actin filaments. The map locates the N-terminal calcium-binding domain and identifies actin-binding site residues on the(More)
The steric model of muscle regulation holds that tropomyosin strands running along thin filaments move away from myosin-binding sites on actin when muscle is activated. Exposing these sites would permit actomyosin interaction and contraction to proceed. This compelling and widely cited model is based on changes observed in X-ray diffraction patterns of(More)
Calponin is a putative thin filament regulatory protein of smooth muscle that inhibits actomyosin ATPase in vitro. We have used electron microscopy and three-dimensional reconstruction to elucidate the structural organization of calponin on actin and actin-tropomyosin filaments. Calponin density was clearly delineated in the reconstructions and found to(More)
Tropomyosin is an evolutionarily conserved alpha-helical coiled-coil protein that promotes and maintains actin filaments. In yeast, Tropomyosin-stabilised filaments are used by molecular motors to transport cargoes or to generate motile forces by altering the dynamics of filament growth and shrinkage. The Schizosaccharomyces pombe tropomyosin Cdc8 localises(More)
Electron microscopy and fiber diffraction studies of reconstituted F-actin-tropomyosin filaments reveal the azimuthal position of end-to-end linked tropomyosin molecules on the surface of actin. However, the longitudinal z-position of tropomyosin along F-actin is still uncertain. Without this information, atomic models of F-actin-tropomyosin filaments, free(More)
Tropomyosin movements on thin filaments are thought to sterically regulate muscle contraction, but have not been visualized during active filament sliding. In addition, although 3-D visualization of myosin crossbridges has been possible in rigor, it has been difficult for thick filaments actively interacting with thin filaments. In the current study, using(More)
Caldesmon is known to inhibit actomyosin ATPase and filament sliding in vitro, and may play a role in modulating smooth muscle contraction as well as in diverse cellular processes including cytokinesis and exocytosis. However, the structural basis of caldesmon action has not previously been apparent. We have recorded electron microscope images of negatively(More)