William L Sexton

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To test the hypothesis that voluntary running-wheel exercise would elicit vascular adaptations in rat skeletal muscle, male Sprague-Dawley rats (202 +/- 5 g) were cage confined (C, n = 11) or housed in cages with free access to running wheels (R, n = 13) for 12 wk. Vascular transport capacity was determined in maximally vasodilated (papaverine) hindquarters(More)
The purposes of this study were to determine whether exercise training induces increases in skeletal muscle antioxidant enzymes and to further characterize the relationship between oxidative capacity and antioxidant enzyme levels in skeletal muscle. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were exercise trained (ET) on a treadmill 2 h/day at 32 m/min (8% incline) 5 days/wk(More)
Six ponies performed a standardised exercise test on a motorised treadmill at each of three randomly assigned treadmill elevations (1, 4, or 7 degrees). The exercise test consisted of four, 4 min increments of increasing treadmill speed from 1.0 to 3.4 m/sec. Heart rate, blood lactate concentration, and packed cell volume (PCV) were determined, during the(More)
The effects of streptozotocin-induced diabetes on microcirculatory structure-function relationships in skeletal muscle were studied in control (C) and diabetic (D; 65 mg/kg streptozotocin ip) rats 6-8 wk after injection. Capillary exchange capacity was determined from measurements of capillary filtration coefficient (CFC) and permeability-surface area(More)
Whether the diaphragm retains a vasodilator reserve at maximal exercise is controversial. To address this issue, we measured respiratory and hindlimb muscle blood flows and vascular conductances using radiolabeled microspheres in rats running at their maximal attainable treadmill speed (96 +/- 5 m/min; range 71-116 m/min) and at rest while breathing either(More)
Transient fluctuations in immune function after heavy exercise have been linked to an increased incidence of infection in athletes. Several parameters of immunity, including salivary immunoglobulin A (IgA), are affected by heavy exercise in the laboratory setting. However, few observations have been made during true competition. We tested the hypothesis(More)
We hypothesized that an exercise training program consisting of treadmill running at 32 m/min up a 15% incline, 90 min/day, 5 days/wk for 12-14 wk, would elicit vascular adaptation in skeletal muscle of all fiber types in rats. This hypothesis was based on previous reports that this intensity and duration of training caused increases in oxidative capacity(More)
Chronic hyperinflation of the lung in emphysema displaces the diaphragm caudally, thereby placing it in a mechanically disadvantageous position and contributing to the increased work of breathing. We tested the hypothesis that total and regional diaphragm blood flows are increased in emphysema, presumably reflecting an increased diaphragm energetic demand.(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the immunity to hepatitis B, poliomyelitis and measles in fully vaccinated Aboriginal and Torres Strait Island children in north Queensland. METHODOLOGY A cross-sectional survey of immunity in a sample of children; 101 fully vaccinated Aboriginal and Torres Strait Island children, with a median age of 24.5 months, from 10(More)
Ischemia and reperfusion in skeletal muscle is associated with increases in total vascular resistance (Rt) and the microvascular permeability to plasma proteins. To determine whether exercise training can attenuate ischemia and reperfusion-induced microvascular injury in skeletal muscle, intact (with skin) and skinned, maximally vasodilated (papaverine),(More)