William L Patrick

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BACKGROUND Discordance between studies drives continued debate regarding the best management of asymptomatic severe mitral regurgitation (MR). The aim of the present study was to conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis of management plans for asymptomatic severe MR, and compare the effectiveness of a strategy of early surgery to watchful waiting. (More)
Coronary artery disease is one of the most common causes of death and disability, afflicting more than 15 million Americans. Although pharmacological advances and revascularization techniques have decreased mortality, many survivors will eventually succumb to heart failure secondary to the residual microvascular perfusion deficit that remains after(More)
In the past two decades there has been a succession of advances in the development of anticoagulant and antiplatelet therapies to be used in the treatment of ACS. Despite optimal dual antiplatelet therapy, nearly 10-12 % of patients still face a risk of death or myocardial infarction one year following PCI. This large residual risk provides the impetus for(More)
PURPOSE Congenitally corrected transposition of the great arteries (CC-TGA) is a complex form of congenital heart defect with numerous anatomic subgroups. The majority of patients with CC-TGA are excellent candidates for a double-switch procedure. However, in the absence of an unrestrictive ventricular septal defect or subpulmonary stenosis, the left(More)
BACKGROUND Major aortopulmonary collateral arteries (MAPCAs) are the sole source of pulmonary blood flow in patients with pulmonary atresia and absent ductus arteriosus. The anatomy of MAPCAs can be highly variable, both in the number of MAPCAs supplying each lung and the anatomic origin and course of the MAPCAs. This study evaluated the prevalence and(More)
BACKGROUND Patients with D-TGA who underwent a previous atrial switch and for some patients with L-TGA (ie no ventricular septal defect or outflow tract obstruction), the left ventricle (LV) may require re-training prior to late arterial switch. The purpose of this study was to analyse the results of LV re-training for these two entities. METHODS This was(More)
BACKGROUND Surgical repair of pulmonary atresia with ventricular septal defect and major aortopulmonary collaterals (PA/VSD/MAPCAs) requires insertion of a conduit from the right ventricle to the reconstructed pulmonary arteries. Although there is extensive literature on conduit longevity for many forms of congenital heart defects, there is currently(More)
BACKGROUND One anatomic variant of pulmonary atresia with ventricular septal defect and major aortopulmonary collaterals (PA/VSD/MAPCAs) is characterized by the absence of intrapericardial pulmonary arteries. This anatomy obviates the possibility of incorporating the pulmonary arteries for reconstruction or palliative procedures. The purpose of this study(More)
PURPOSE Truncus arteriosus is a complex and heterogeneous form of congenital heart defect. Many of the risk factors from several decades ago, including late repair and interrupted aortic arch, have been mitigated through better understanding of the entity and improved surgical techniques. However, truncal valve dysfunction remains an important cause of(More)