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Leptin is a signaling protein that in its mutant forms has been associated with obesity and Type II diabetes. The lack of sequence similarity has precluded analogies based on structural resemblance to known systems. Backbone NMR signals for mouse leptin (13C/15N -labeled) have been assigned and its secondary structure reveals it to be a four-helix bundle(More)
Escherichia coli that has been genetically manipulated by recombinant DNA technology to synthesize human insulin polypeptides (A chain, B chain, or proinsulin) contains prominent cytoplasmic inclusion bodies. The amount of inclusion product within the cells corresponds to the quantity of chimeric protein formed by the bacteria. At peak production, the(More)
Immunocytochemical techniques were used to identify human proinsulin chimeric protein in cytoplasmic inclusion bodies of genetically modified Escherichia coli. Antibodies to proinsulin chimeric protein (human proinsulin coupled at its amino-terminus to a portion of the E. coli tryptophan E gene product) were localized in E. coli using post-embedding(More)
The final step in the biosynthesis of mycophenolic acid involves the transfer of a methyl group from S-adenosylmethionine to demethylmycophenolic acid. The enzyme, S-adenosylmethionine:demethylmycophenolic acid O-methyltransferase, was isolated from Penicillium stoloniferum and purified 2,700-fold by ammonium sulfate fractionation and(More)
In an effort to prepare 3,4-methylene-dioxyphenyl-(S)-isopropanol from 3,4-methylene-dioxyphenylacetone, an initial screen of microbes indicated that Candida famata could catalyze this reaction efficiently at low substrate concentration. A dilute, large-scale process was developed to provide experimental material for the chemical synthesis to be explored.(More)
A number of industrial processes require the addition of materials to the fermentation broth that are hazardous to health and environment. Agitation of broths inoculated with microorganisms can potentially release aerosols large enough to carry the microorganisms. The influence of agitation, air flow, and bacterial growth on aerosol size distribution, air(More)
Survival and growth of three model test bacterial species (Pseudomonas fluorescens, Staphylococcus epidermidis and Bacillus subtilis), present in the air and/or in the human respiratory tract, were tested in inhalable insulin-lactose powder under optimal relative humidity and temperature conditions (RH = 96% and optimal growth temperature for each bacterium(More)