William L. H. Whittington

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BACKGROUND The Partners HSV-2/HIV-1 Transmission Study (Partners Study) is a phase III, placebo-controlled trial of daily acyclovir for genital herpes (HSV-2) suppression among HIV-1/HSV-2 co-infected persons to reduce HIV-1 transmission to their HIV-1 susceptible partners, which requires recruitment of HIV-1 serodiscordant heterosexual couples. We describe(More)
A randomized cross-over trial of herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2)-suppressive therapy (valacyclovir, 500 mg twice daily, or placebo for 8 weeks, a 2-week washout period, then the alternative therapy for 8 weeks) was conducted among 20 Peruvian women coinfected with HSV-2 and human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) who were not on antiretroviral(More)
BACKGROUND Key strategies advocated for lowering personal risk of sexual exposure to STD/HIV include having fewer partners and avoiding risky partners. However, few studies have systematically examined how well people can actually discern their sex partners' risk behaviours. METHODS We conducted face to face interviews with 151 heterosexual patients with(More)
OBJECTIVES Gonorrhea cases among men who have sex with men (MSM) declined in the early years of the HIV epidemic. We evaluated more recent trends in gonorrhea among MSM through the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Gonococcal Isolate Surveillance Project. METHODS Isolates and case information were collected from 29 US sexually transmitted(More)
Fluoroquinolones and broad-spectrum cephalosporins are the most effective antimicrobial agents for the treatment of gonorrhea. However, clinically significant resistance to fluoroquinolones has emerged in Neisseria gonorrhoeae. Fluoroquinolone-resistant strains account for approximately 10% of all gonococcal strains in Hong Kong and the Republic of the(More)
BACKGROUND Previous community-randomised trials of interventions to control sexually transmitted infections (STIs) have involved rural settings, were rarely multicomponent, and had varying results. We aimed to assess the effect of a multicomponent intervention on curable STIs in urban young adults and female sex workers (FSWs). METHODS In this(More)
During 1995-1997, an outbreak of 66 cases of gonorrhea caused by an erythromycin-resistant (Ery(r); MIC >/=1.0 microgram/mL) prototrophic (proto) auxotype IB-1 serovar of Neisseria gonorrhoeae occurred in King County, Washington; 65 cases involved men who have sex with men (MSM), which accounted for approximately 37% of infections among MSM during this(More)
A cross-sectional study conducted in 5 locations in Cambodia (Phnom Penh, Svay Pak, Sihanoukville, Battambang, and Sisophon) in 1996, compared prevalences of HIV and other sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) in 314 women seeking reproductive health services, 322 male police and military personnel, and 437 brothel-based sex workers (SWs). Among SWs, 38.7%(More)
BACKGROUND Ureaplasmas have been inconsistently associated with nongonococcal urethritis (NGU). We evaluated the association of the newly differentiated species Ureaplasma urealyticum (UU) and Ureaplasma parvum (UP) with NGU using 2 separate control groups. METHODS Case patients were men who attended a sexually transmitted disease (STD) clinic in Seattle,(More)
Patients and gonococcal isolates (n = 783) from five sexually transmitted disease clinics in Ohio and western Pennsylvania were studied to investigate the spread of gonococci with decreased fluoroquinolone susceptibility. Among patients with gonorrhea, rates of infection with strains with decreased fluoroquinolone susceptibility (MIC of 0.125-0.25 microg(More)