Learn More
beta-ketoacyl (acyl carrier protein) reductase (beta-k-ACPR) enzymes are essential to fatty acid synthesis in bacteria. The analyses revealed the most primitive member of the beta-k-ACPRs family was a NADP reductase where NADP was recognised by a Thr residue in the beta2alpha3 turn. Aromatic residue stacking at the dimer interface and a previously(More)
Separate genes encode the human type 1 (placenta, breast tumors, other peripheral tissues) and type 2 (gonad, adrenal) isoforms of 3 beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase/isomerase (3 beta-HSD1, 3 beta-HSD2). Mutagenesis of 3 beta-HSD1 produced the Y154F, H156Y and K158Q mutant enzymes in the probable Y(154)-P-H(156)-S-K(158) catalytic motif. The H(156)Y mutant(More)
Short-chain dehydrogenase reductase (SDR) enzymes influence mammalian reproduction, hypertension, neoplasia, and digestion. The three-dimensional structures of two members of the SDR family reveal the position of the conserved catalytic triad, a possible mechanism of keto-hydroxyl interconversion, the molecular mechanism of inhibition, and the basis for(More)
The human type 1 (placenta, breast tumors) and type 2 (gonads, adrenals) isoforms of 3beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase/isomerase (3beta-HSD) are key enzymes in steroidogenic pathways leading to the production of all active steroid hormones. Kinetic analyses of purified 3beta-HSD1 show that the Michaelis-Menten constants (Km) for substrates and cofactor are(More)
The X-ray crystallographic structural determinations of synthetic estrogens and antiestrogens provide reliable information on the global minimum energy conformation of these molecules or a local minimum energy conformation that is within 1 or 2 kcal/mole of the global minimum. In favorable cases, state-of-the-art molecular mechanics calculations provide(More)
Deoxycorticosterone-adenine monohydrate is the first complex involving a steroid and a component of DNA to be successfully crystallized and studied by single crystal x-ray analysis. Hydrogen bonds between O(20) and N(6) as well as O(21) and N(1) connect the corticoid side chain to an adenine molecule. The molecules are also packed such that a second adenine(More)
The inactive methadone analog threo-5-methylmethadone has a solid-state conformation in which the nitrogen is antiperiplanar to the tertiary carbon C(4). Since threo-5-methylmethadone exhibits no opioid agonism either in vivo or in vitro, methadone analogs probably do not have this conformation when bound to an opioid receptor. The potent agonist(More)
The crystal structure of the nonstoichiometric complex of gramicidin D with NaI has been studied using synchrotron radiation at 100 K. The limiting resolution was 1.25 A and the R factor was 16% for 19 883 observed reflections. The general architecture of the antiparallel two-stranded gramicidin dimers in the studied crystal was a right-handed antiparallel(More)
The title compound was synthesized as part of an effort to determine the identity of an abnormal steroid metabolite present in the urine of a patient exhibiting pronounced gynecomastia. The X-ray investigation of the synthesized compound showed that the 20-carbonyl of the 17 alpha oriented side chain lies under the D ring, and does not participate in(More)