William L Dees

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Fractionation of hypothalamic extracts on a Sephadex G-25 column separates follicle-stimulating hormone-releasing factor (FSHRF) from luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone (LHRH). The FSH-releasing peak contained immunoreactive lamprey gonadotropin-releasing hormone (lGnRH) by radioimmunoassay, and its activity was inactivated by an antiserum specific to(More)
We studied the effect of intravenous injection of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) (30-250 micrograms) on the release of several anterior pituitary hormones as indicated by changes in their concentrations in plasma. Within 30 min after intravenous injection of LPS there was a dose-related stimulation of ACTH release; prolactin (PRL) release was induced only by the(More)
In both rats and primates, including humans, serum levels of insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) increase during the onset of puberty, suggesting a role for IGF-I in this process. We examined the ability of IGF-I to affect the release of hypothalamic luteinizing hormone releasing hormone (LHRH) in prepubertal female rats. Our results indicate that IGF-I(More)
OBJECTIVE Since alpha-melanocyte-stimulating hormone (alpha-MSH) inhibits the synthesis and release of proinflammatory cytokines and stimulates the synthesis and release of anti-inflammatory cytokines, and leptin is a cytokine that has anti-inflammatory actions in the presence of lipopolysaccharide (LPS), we hypothesized that alpha-MSH increases leptin(More)
The ovary of humans and nonhuman primates is innervated by sympathetic and sensory neurons of the peripheral nervous system. Recent studies demonstrated that the density of the sympathetic innervation to the rhesus monkey ovary is developmentally regulated, with adult density being attained around the time of puberty. In the present study, we used an(More)
Conscious mature and immature rats were administered either saline or an ethanol (ETOH)-saline solution via a permanent intragastric cannula, and plasma growth hormone (GH) levels were measured by radioimmunoassay of external jugular blood samples drawn every 10 min through an indwelling Silastic catheter. Control injections of saline into the gastric(More)
These studies were designed to determine the effects of castration and ethanol (ETOH) on the relative content of substance P (SP) immunoreactivity in the hypothalamus and the central and medial amygdaloid nuclei (CM-AM). Differences visualized immunocytochemically between saline-treated intact and castrated rats indicated that a visible decrease in the(More)
Hypothalamic neurons control a variety of important hormonal and behavioral functions. Little is known, however, about the neurotrophic factors that these neurons may require for survival and/or maintenance of their differentiated functions. We conducted experiments to examine this issue, utilizing a combination of immunohistochemical, in situ hybridization(More)
BACKGROUND One of the most widely used classes of insecticides is the synthetic pyrethroids. Although pyrethroids are less acutely toxic to humans than to insects, in vitro studies have suggested that pyrethroids may be estrogenic. OBJECTIVES We assessed pubertal effects by orally administering 0.5, 1.0, and 5.0 mg/kg/day of the type II pyrethroid(More)
Although the synthesis of nerve growth factor (NGF) in brain regions innervated by magnocellular cholinergic neurons of the basal forebrain is well documented, the cell type(s) able to produce NGF in the central nervous system (CNS) remain only partially characterized. Moreover, little is known regarding the ability of brain areas not innervated by(More)