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The objective of this analysis was to describe the pharmacokinetic characteristics of anidulafungin in patients with serious fungal disease based on pharmacokinetic data collected during four recently completed or ongoing Phase II/III clinical studies. A total of 600 anidulafungin plasma samples from 225 patients across the four studies were available for(More)
Data from subjects in nine phase 1 (n = 153) and six phase 2/3 (n = 129) clinical trials were combined to identify factors contributing to interindividual variability in daptomycin pharmacokinetics (PK). Over 30 covariates were considered. A two-compartment model with first-order elimination provided the best fit for data on daptomycin concentrations in(More)
The endoplasmic reticulum (ER) of onion bulb scale epidermis cells consists of long, tubular strands lying deep in the cytoplasm which move quickly and a less mobile peripheral network of tubules and cisternae that change in position, shape and size but that also have immobile, fixed, sites (IFSs). IFSs occur in junctions, at vertexes and at blind endings(More)
Tinzaparin, a sodium salt of a low-molecular-weight heparin (LMWH) produced via heparinase digestion, is used for the treatment of deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism in conjunction with warfarin for the prevention of DVT in patients undergoing hip or knee replacement surgery, and as an anticoagulant in hemodialysis circuits. Its average(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVE To describe the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of fludarabine in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). DESIGN Open-label, staggered trial conducted in conjunction with a phase I-II clinical trial. SETTING Government research hospital. PATIENTS Twenty-six patients with refractory RA. INTERVENTION Fludarabine 20 or 30(More)
The population pharmacokinetics of pantoprazole was characterized in pediatric patients from birth to 16 years using NONMEM and evaluated via bootstrap and predictive check. Data were described using a 2-compartment model with a typical parameterized in terms of clearance (CL) (95% CI) of 1.93 L per hour (1.53, 2.61), given the reference covariates (female,(More)
metrumrg is an R package that facilitates workflow for the discipline of pharmacometrics. Support is provided for data preparation, modeling, simulation, diagnostics, and reporting. Existing tools and techniques are emphasized where available; original solutions are provided for otherwise unmet needs. In particular, metrumrg implements an R interface for(More)
This model-based analysis quantifies the population pharmacokinetics (PK) of orally administered istradefylline, a selective adenosine A(2A) receptor antagonist, in healthy subjects and patients with Parkinson's disease, including the estimation of covariate effects on istradefylline PK parameters. Istradefylline plasma concentration data from 8 phase 1 and(More)
This analysis quantifies the population pharmacokinetics of subcutaneous and intravenous epoetin delta, an epoetin produced in a human cell line, in pediatric patients with chronic kidney disease and estimates the effects of covariate factors on epoetin delta and epoetin alfa pharmacokinetic parameters. Erythropoietin serum concentration data, taken from a(More)
Ceftaroline, the active form of the prodrug ceftaroline fosamil, is approved for use in adults with community-acquired bacterial pneumonia (CABP) or acute bacterial skin and skin structure infections (ABSSSI) in the United States and for similar indications in Europe. Pharmacokinetic (PK) data from 5 pediatric (birth to <18 years) studies of ceftaroline(More)