William K. Sonnenburg

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The diversity among cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterases provides multiple mechanisms for regulation of cAMP and cGMP in the cardiovascular system. Here we report that a calmodulin-stimulated phosphodiesterase (PDE1C) is highly expressed in proliferating human arterial smooth muscle cells (SMCs) in primary culture, but not in the quiescent SMCs of intact(More)
Sphingosine 1-phosphate lyase (S1PL) has been characterized as a novel target for the treatment of autoimmune disorders using genetic and pharmacological methods. Medicinal chemistry efforts targeting S1PL by direct in vivo evaluation of synthetic analogues of 2-acetyl-4(5)-(1(R),2(S),3(R),4-tetrahydroxybutyl)-imidazole (THI, 1) led to the discovery of 2(More)
At different concentrations, prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) can either stimulate or inhibit cAMP formation in freshly isolated rabbit cortical collecting tubule (RCCT) cells, but in cultured RCCT cells PGE2 can only stimulate cAMP synthesis (Sonnenburg, W. K., and Smith W. L. (1989) J. Biol. Chem. 263, 6155-6160). Here, we report characteristics of [3H]PGE2(More)
We have isolated a 2287-bp cDNA encoding the 61-kDa calmodulin-stimulated cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterase (CaM PDE) from a bovine brain library. A large open reading frame within the cDNA encodes a 530-residue polypeptide which is identical to the sequence of the purified protein previously determined by direct amino acid sequencing. Moreover, COS cells(More)
Based on their relative abundance and regulation by Ca2+ and by phosphorylation in vitro, it is thought that the Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent phosphodiesterases (CaM-PDEs) are important modulators of cyclic nucleotide function in the brain. Two of the most abundant CaM-PDEs in the brain are the 61 kDa and 63 kDa isozymes. In this study, the regional and(More)
cDNAs corresponding to two human calcium, calmodulin (CaM)-regulated 3',5'-cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterases (PDEs) were isolated. One, Hcam1 (PDE1A3), corresponds to the bovine 61-kDa CaM PDE (PDE1A2). The second, Hcam3 (PDE1C), represents a novel phosphodiesterase gene. Hcam1 encodes a 535-amino acid protein that differs most notably from the bovine(More)
Platelets adhere to the subendothelial layer of newly deendothelialized arteries. Attachment can be reduced with exogenous prostacyclin (PGI2). Thus, the subendothelium may be unable to produce sufficient PGI2 to prevent platelet adherence and subsequent platelet-platelet interaction. Consistent with this explanation are data from an earlier report (1977.(More)
A mouse monoclonal antibody designated IgG3(rct-30) has been prepared that reacts specifically with an antigen on the surface of all cells comprising the cortical and medullary rabbit renal collecting tubule including the arcades. Plastic culture dishes coated with IgG3(rct-30) were used to isolate collecting tubule cells from collagenase dispersions of(More)
Partially degenerate oligonucleotides based on peptide sequence were used to isolate cDNA to a 63-kDa bovine brain calmodulin-stimulated phosphodiesterase (CaM-PDE) isozyme. A 412-base pair polymerase chain reaction fragment was obtained and used along with the oligonucleotides to isolate several cDNAs each encoding sequence identical to known peptide(More)
Partial amino acid sequence has been determined for the cone, alpha' subunit of the bovine photoreceptor cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterase (PDE) and deduced from nucleotide sequences of a partial cDNA clone. These sequences identify the alpha' subunit as the product of a gene that is distinct from those encoding the alpha or beta subunits of the(More)