William J. Tuxworth

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In response to an increased hemodynamic load, such as pressure or volume overload, cardiac hypertrophy ensues as an adaptive mechanism. Although hypertrophy initially maintains ventricular function, a yet undefined derailment in this process eventually leads to compromised function (decompensation) and eventually culminates in congestive heart failure(More)
Ubiquitin conjugation of proteins is critical for cell homeostasis and contributes to both cell survival and death. Here we studied ubiquitination of proteins in pressure overloaded (PO) myocardium in the context of cardiomyocyte survival. Analysis using a feline right ventricular pressure overload (RVPO) model revealed a robust and transient increase in(More)
The purpose of this study was to determine the mechanism by which contraction acutely accelerates the synthesis rate of the contractile protein myosin heavy chain (MHC). Laminin-adherent adult feline cardiocytes were maintained in a serum-free medium and induced to contract at 1 Hz via electrical field stimulation. Electrical stimulation of contraction(More)
This study examined whether cardiocyte load increases eIF-4F complex formation. To increase load in vitro, adult feline cardiocytes were electrically stimulated to contract (1 Hz, 5-ms pulses). eIF-4F complex formation, measured by eIF-4G association with eIF-4E, increased 57 +/- 16% after 4 h of contraction compared with controls. eIF-4F complex formation(More)
Growth, survival and cytoskeletal rearrangement of cardiomyocytes are critical for cardiac hypertrophy. Signal transducer and activator of transcription-3 (STAT3) activation is an important cardioprotective factor associated with cardiac hypertrophy. Although STAT3 activation has been reported via signaling through Janus Kinase 2 (JAK2) in several cardiac(More)
In adult feline cardiocytes, increases in eukaryotic initiation factor 4F (eIF4F) activity are correlated with accelerated rates of total protein synthesis produced in response to increased load. Adenoviral gene transfer was employed to increase either eIF4F complex formation or the phosphorylation of eIF4E on Ser-209. To simulate load,cardiocytes were(More)
In adult cardiocytes, eIF4E (eukaryotic initiation factor 4E) activity and protein synthesis are increased concomitantly in response to stimuli that induce hypertrophic growth. We tested the hypothesis that increases in eIF4E activity selectively improve the translational efficiency of mRNAs that have an excessive amount of secondary structure in the 5'-UTR(More)
Synthesis of myofibrillar proteins in the diffusion-restricted adult cardiocyte requires microtubule-based active transport of mRNAs as part of messenger ribonucleoprotein particles (mRNPs) to translation sites adjacent to nascent myofibrils. This is especially important for compensatory hypertrophy in response to hemodynamic overloading. The hypothesis(More)
The present study was conducted to determine the magnitude and duration of ribosomal protein translation in response to pressure overload and determine if additional, paracrine events associated with mechanical transduction, such as integrin activation using a bioactive peptide ligand, RGD or endothelin stimulation lead to ribosomal protein translation.(More)
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