William J. O'Connor

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Aluminium adjuvants, typically referred to as 'alum', are the most commonly used adjuvants in human and animal vaccines worldwide, yet the mechanism underlying the stimulation of the immune system by alum remains unknown. Toll-like receptors are critical in sensing infections and are therefore common targets of various adjuvants used in immunological(More)
Tumor angiogenesis is mediated by tumor-secreted angiogenic growth factors that interact with their surface receptors expressed on endothelial cells. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and its receptor [fetal liver kinase 1 (Flk-1)/kinase insert domain-containing receptor] play an important role in vascular permeability and tumor angiogenesis.(More)
Cryopyrin (CIAS1, NLRP3) and ASC are components of the inflammasome, a multiprotein complex required for caspase-1 activation and cytokine IL-1beta production. CIAS1 mutations underlie autoinflammation characterized by excessive IL-1beta secretion. Disease-associated cryopyrin also causes a program of necrosis-like cell death in macrophages, the mechanistic(More)
T helper 17 (Th17) cells are important for host defense against extracellular microorganisms. However, they are also implicated in autoimmune and chronic inflammatory diseases, and as such need to be tightly regulated. The mechanisms that directly control committed pathogenic Th17 cells in vivo remain unclear. We showed here that IL-17A-producing CD4+ T(More)
Interleukin 23 (IL-23) and IL-17 have been linked to the pathogenesis of several chronic inflammatory disorders, including inflammatory bowel disease. Yet as an important function for IL-23 is emerging, the function of IL-17 in inflammatory bowel disease remains unclear. Here we demonstrate IL-17A-mediated protection in the CD45RBhi transfer model of(More)
Interleukin 17 (IL-17)-producing helper T cells (T(H)17 cells) have been broadly linked to the pathogenesis of multiple autoimmune diseases. In the few short years since the discovery of T(H)17 cells, new paradigms about their prominence in chronic inflammation and human autoimmunity have emerged. Recent findings that T(H)17 cells might be capable of(More)
The role of direct IL-10 signaling in different T cell subsets is not well understood. To address this, we generated transgenic mice expressing a dominant-negative IL-10 receptor specifically in T cells (CD4dnIL-10Rα). We found that Foxp3-depleted CD45RB(lo) (regulatory T cell [T(reg) cell]-depleted CD45RB(lo)) but not CD45RB(hi) CD4(+) T cells are(More)
Vascular endothelial-cadherin (VE-cad) is an endothelial cell-specific adhesion molecule that is crucial for proper assembly of vascular tubes. Here we show that a monoclonal antibody (BV13) directed to the extracellular region of VE-cad inhibits formation of adherens junctions and capillary-like structures by endothelial cells and blocks angiogenesis in(More)
Fibrous dysplasia is proliferation of fibrous tissue within the bone marrow causing osteolytic lesions and pathologic fractures. Recently, second generation bisphosphonates have shown promise in the treatment of patients with fibrous dysplasia. In the current study, six patients with fibrous dysplasia were treated with either oral alone or oral and(More)
Antisense oligodeoxynucleotides offer potential as therapeutic agents to inhibit gene expression. Recent evidence indicates that oligodeoxynucleotides designed to target specific nucleic acid sequences can interact nonspecifically with proteins. This report describes the interactive capabilities of phosphorothioate oligodeoxynucleotides of defined sequence(More)