William J Nadeau

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BACKGROUND & AIMS Mutations in the CARD15/NOD2 gene, a putative intracellular pattern recognition receptor, have been linked to the risk for Crohn's disease. Because intestinal epithelial cells play a role as the barrier to luminal microorganisms, we investigated the expression and function of CARD15/NOD2 in intestinal epithelial cells. METHODS Expression(More)
In human intestinal disease induced by Salmonella enterica serotype Typhimurium (S. typhimurium) transepithelial migration of polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMNs) rapidly follows attachment of the bacteria to the epithelial apical membrane. Previously, we have shown that the S. typhimurium effector protein, SipA, plays a pivotal role in signalling epithelial(More)
The host response to Salmonella typhimurium involves movement of polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMN) across the epithelium and into the intestinal lumen. Following their arrival in the lumen, the PMN attempt to combat bacterial infection by activating antimicrobial defenses such as granule release, oxidative burst, phagocytosis, and cell signaling. We sought(More)
Salmonella typhimurium elicits an intense proinflammatory response characterized by movement of polymorphonuclear neutrophils (PMN) across the epithelial barrier to the intestinal lumen. We previously showed that S. typhimurium, via the type III secretion system effector protein SipA, initiates an ADP-ribosylation factor-6- and phospholipase D-dependent(More)
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