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- Daniel F V James, Paul G Kwiat, William J Munro, Andrew G White
- 2001

We describe in detail the theory underpinning the measurement of density matrices of a pair of quantum two-level systems ͑''qubits''͒. Our particular emphasis is on qubits realized by the two polarization degrees of freedom of a pair of entangled photons generated in a down-conversion experiment; however, the discussion applies in general, regardless of the… (More)

We define the task of quantum tagging, that is, authenticating the classical location of a classical tagging device by sending and receiving quantum signals from suitably located distant sites, in an environment controlled by an adversary whose quantum information processing and transmitting power is unbounded. We define simple security models for this task… (More)

We present a new control algorithm and system design for a network of quantum repeaters, and outline the end-to-end protocol architecture. Such a network will create long-distance quantum states, supporting quantum key distribution as well as distributed quantum computation. Quantum repeaters improve the reduction of quantum-communication throughput with… (More)

We evaluate the performance of quantum arithmetic algorithms run on a distributed quantum computer (a quantum multicomputer). We vary the node capacity and I/O capabilities, and the network topology. The tradeoff of choosing between gates executed remotely, through “teleported gates” on entangled pairs of qubits (telegate), versus exchanging the… (More)

We evaluate the performance of quantum arithmetic algorithms run on a distributed quantum computer (a quantum multicomputer). We vary the node capacity and I/O capabilities, and the network topology. The tradeoff of choosing between gates executed remotely, through "teleported gates" on entangled pairs of qubits (telegate), versus exchanging the relevant… (More)

quantum information, entanglement measures As two of the most important entanglement measures-the entanglement of formation and the entanglement of distillation-have so far been limited to bipartite settings, the study of other entanglement measures for multipartite systems appears necessary. Here, connections between two other entanglement measures-the… (More)

Entanglement has been termed a critical resource for quantum information processing and is thought to be the reason that certain quantum algorithms, such as Shor's factoring algorithm, can achieve exponentially better performance than their classical counterparts. The nature of this resource is still not fully understood: here we use numerical simulation to… (More)

— Distributed quantum computation requires quantum operations that act over a distance on error-correction encoded states of logical qubits, such as the transfer of qubits via teleportation. We evaluate the performance of several quantum error correction codes, and find that teleportation failure rates of one percent or more are tolerable when two levels of… (More)

Quantum networks will support long-distance quantum key distribution (QKD) and distributed quantum computation , and are an active area of both experimental and theoretical research. Here, we present an analysis of topo-logically complex networks of quantum repeaters composed of heterogeneous links. Quantum networks have fundamental behavioral differences… (More)