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The effect of mammary gland-specific expression of the polyomavirus middle T antigen was examined by establishing lines of transgenic mice that carry the middle T oncogene under the transcriptional control of the mouse mammary tumor virus promoter/enhancer. By contrast to most transgenic strains carrying activated oncogenes, expression of polyomavirus(More)
Overexpression and amplification of the neu (c-erbB2, ERBB2) protooncogene have been implicated in the development of aggressive human breast cancer. To directly assess the effect of mammary gland-specific expression of the neu protooncogene, transgenic mice carrying unactivated neu under the transcriptional control of the mouse mammary tumor virus(More)
We have used transgenic mice that carry an activated c-neu oncogene driven by a mouse mammary tumor virus (MMTV) promoter to assess the stepwise progression of carcinogenesis in mammary epithelium. Unlike the stochastic occurrence of solitary mammary tumors in transgenic mice bearing the MMTV/c-myc or the MMTV/v-Ha-ras oncogenes, transgenic mice uniformly(More)
Animal models are powerful tools to analyze the mechanism of the induction of human breast cancer. Here we report a detailed analysis of mammary tumor progression in one mouse model of breast cancer caused by expression of the polyoma middle T oncoprotein (PyMT) in the mammary epithelium, and its comparison to human breast tumors. In PyMT mice, four(More)
We have derived and mated separate strains of transgenic mice that carry either the v-Ha-ras or the c-myc gene driven by the mouse mammary tumor virus (MMTV) promoter/enhancer. Mice carrying the MMTV/v-Ha-ras transgene manifest two distinct disturbances of cell growth. The first, a benign hyperplasia of the Harderian lacrimal gland, is diffuse, involves the(More)
Golgi beta1,6N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase V (MGAT5) is required in the biosynthesis of beta1,6GlcNAc-branched N-linked glycans attached to cell surface and secreted glycoproteins. Amounts of MGAT5 glycan products are commonly increased in malignancies, and correlate with disease progression. To study the functions of these N-glycans in development and(More)
The influence of transforming growth factor beta (TGF-beta) signaling on Neu-induced mammary tumorigenesis and metastasis was examined with transgenic mouse models. We generated mice expressing an activated TGF-beta type I receptor or dominant negative TGF-beta type II receptor under control of the mouse mammary tumor virus promoter. When crossed with mice(More)
A number of cytoplasmic signaling molecules are thought to mediate mitogenic signaling from the activated Neu receptor tyrosine kinase through binding specific phosphotyrosine residues located within the intracellular portion of Neu/c-ErbB-2. An activated neu oncogene containing tyrosine-to-phenylalanine substitutions at each of the known(More)
The Src-associated substrate in mitosis Sam68 is a KH type RNA-binding protein known to be a substrate of numerous tyrosine kinases, and often referred to as a STAR (signal transduction activator of RNA) protein. Herein, we observed that Sam68-null mice display mammary gland and the uterine development defects. Moreover, we report that Sam68(More)
HER-2/neu (neu-N) transgenic mice, which express the nontransforming rat proto-oncogene, develop spontaneous focal mammary adenocarcinomas beginning at 5-6 months of age. The development and histology of these tumors bears a striking resemblance to what is seen in patients with breast cancer. We have characterized the immunological responses to HER-2/neu(More)