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The seminal importance of DNA sequencing to the life sciences, biotechnology and medicine has driven the search for more scalable and lower-cost solutions. Here we describe a DNA sequencing technology in which scalable, low-cost semiconductor manufacturing techniques are used to make an integrated circuit able to directly perform non-optical DNA sequencing(More)
BACKGROUND Postburn insulin dysfunction is a significant contributor to morbidity and mortality. A satisfactory mechanism for explaining this phenomenon remains elusive; however, resistin has been postulated to be involved. Initially discovered as an insulin antagonist secreted from adipose tissue in murine models, resistin's function in humans has been(More)
Monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) that recognize the neutrophil (PMN) adherence complex CD11/CD18 inhibit PMN adherence to endothelium and attenuate PMN-mediated ischemia-reperfusion injury. One consideration regarding the clinical usefulness of such therapy is whether transient inhibition of PMN adherence or function will impede host defense and increase(More)
INTRODUCTION Motorcycles have become an increasingly popular mode of transportation despite their association with a greater risk for injury compared with automobiles. Whereas the recent incidence of annual passenger vehicle fatalities in the United States of America (USA) has progressively declined, motorcycle fatalities have steadily increased in the past(More)
The purpose of this study was to determine the sensitivity and specificity of computed tomography (CT) without administration of oral contrast in confirming suspected acute appendicitis. One hundred seventy-three patient studies were retrieved by a computer-generated search for the word "appendicitis" in radiology reports. Patients presenting to the(More)
Evaluation of burn wound depth in pediatric patients is often difficult. A Laser Doppler Flowmeter with a temperature-controlled multichannel probe was used to measure burn wound perfusion as a tool to predict wound outcome. The average perfusion levels for wounds that healed spontaneously in fewer than 21 days was significantly higher than the average(More)
The most common cause of intraperitoneal adhesions is previous abdominal surgery. Postoperative adhesion formation results from a fibroproliferative inflammatory reaction that begins with an influx of polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMNs) into the peritoneal cavity. Adherence of the PMNs to the endothelial cells (EC) is necessary for PMN migration into the(More)
The evaluation of wound outcome after burn injury is a challenging problem in the performance of clinical trials evaluating potential impact on wound healing and scar formation. The purpose of this study was to determine whether an ocular tonometer could be adapted to provide an objective measurement of scar compliance. A pneumatonometer was used to perform(More)
BACKGROUND The use of antimicrobial solutions for irrigation in appendicitis is controversial. Numerous antiseptic and antibiotic solutions have been suggested for use as an intraoperative irrigant. We sought to determine whether there was a difference in postoperative surgical site infections (SSIs) comparing normal saline (.9%), antiseptic solution(More)
OBJECTIVE Intermittent pneumatic compression (IPC) devices prevent lower-extremity deep venous thrombosis (LEDVT) when used properly, but compliance remains an issue. Devices are frequently discontinued when patients are out of bed, and they are rarely used in emergency departments. Trauma patients are at high risk for LEDVT; however, IPCs are underused in(More)