William J. Mackillop

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The study was designed to determine which formats for displaying quantities, such as probabilities of treatment risks and benefits, are perceived most accurately and easily by patients. Accuracy and speed of processing were compared for six different presentation formats: pie charts, vertical bars, horizontal bars, numbers, systematic ovals, and random(More)
One hundred cancer patients undergoing active treatment were interviewed to determine how they perceived their illness and how their perceptions compared with those of their attending physicians. Ninety-eight patients recognized that they had cancer and 87 correctly identified the tumour type. Sixty-four of 67 patients with local or regional disease were(More)
The effect of temperature on the cytotoxicity of melphalan in a pleiotropic drug-resistant mutant CHO cell line (CHR C5) and in its drug-sensitive parent (Aux B1) was studied in vitro using a clonogenic assay. The cytotoxicity of melphalan was significantly enhanced at elevated but non-lethal temperatures (39-41 degrees C) and hyperthermia potentiated the(More)
One hundred and eighteen doctors who treat pulmonary neoplasms in Ontario were asked how they would wish to be treated if they had non-small cell lung cancer. Four different scenarios were given. The physicians were then asked if they would consent to take part as subjects in one or more clinical trials for which they would be eligible in those situations.(More)
To test the identity of human tumour clonogenic cells and stem cells, a procedure was developed to allow quantitation of self-renewal capacity of human ovarian carcinoma clonogenic cells. Primary colonies grown from malignant effusions of 10 patients were disaggregated and replated; secondary colonies were observed to be similar to primary colonies in size,(More)
Doctors who treat lung cancer in Ontario were previously asked how they would wish to be managed if they developed non-small cell lung cancer and whether they would consent to participate in six clinical trials for which they might be eligible. The proportion of these expert surrogate patients who would consent to each clinical trial ranged from 11 to 64%.(More)
The in vitro clonogenicity of 25 human tumours was compared in two simple two layer culture systems, agar/agar and liquid medium/agar. There was a strong correlation between the values for clonogenicity obtained in each system. A linear relationship between cells plated and colonies formed was found in both systems. Radiation survival in the liquid culture(More)
To assist in the description of the cellular heterogeneity present in normal and neoplastic urothelium, a panel of monoclonal antibodies (MoAbs) was raised against human transitional cell carcinoma (TCC) of the urinary bladder. All immunizations were carried out using whole cells and membrane preparations from well differentiated human TCCs. Two fusions(More)
A method is presented for the description of a heterogeneous cell population with respect to the volume and density of its cellular components, based on computer analysis of the cell-volume spectra of density-gradient fractions. Display programmes were developed to produce either a perspective plot or an isofrequency contour plot ("fingerprint") of the(More)
Extensive research has been carried out to establish the appropriate proportion of cancer patients requiring radiotherapy at some point during their illness. However, it is difficult to compare the actual rates against the appropriate rate, because calculating the actual rates requires life-long follow up of cancer patients. We have developed a method,(More)