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Protein disulfide isomerase plays a key role in catalyzing the folding of secretory proteins. It features two catalytically inactive thioredoxin domains inserted between two catalytically active thioredoxin domains and an acidic C-terminal tail. The crystal structure of yeast PDI reveals that the four thioredoxin domains are arranged in the shape of a(More)
It has been proposed that cytoplasmic peptide:N-glycanase (PNGase) may be involved in the proteasome-dependent quality control machinery used to degrade newly synthesized glycoproteins that do not correctly fold in the ER. However, a lack of information about the structure of the enzyme has limited our ability to obtain insight into its precise biological(More)
Protein disulfide isomerase (PDI) is believed to function in vivo by catalyzing the isomerization of disulfide bonds in proteins and thereby facilitating their folding. In S. cerevisiae PDI is encoded by an essential gene. Deletion of nearly one-third of the C-terminal residues of PDI altered PDI's cellular localization but not cell viability. Further(More)
Protein disulfide isomerase (PDI) interacts with secretory proteins, irrespective of their thiol content, late during translocation into the ER; thus, PDI may be part of the quality control machinery in the ER. We used yeast pdi1 mutants with deletions in the putative peptide binding region of the molecule to investigate its role in the recognition of(More)
Asparagine-linked glycosylation is the most ubiquitous protein co-translational modification in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER). 1 The enzyme that catalyzes this process is called oligosaccharyl transferase (OT). It catalyzes the transfer of an oligosaccharyl moiety (Glc 3 Man 9 GlcNAc 2) from the dolichol-linked pyrophosphate donor to the side chain of Asn(More)
The precise function of the yolk platelets of sea urchin embryos during early development is unknown. We have shown previously that the chemical composition of the yolk platelets remains unchanged in terms of phospholipid, triglyceride, hexose, sialic acid, RNA, and total protein content after fertilization and early development. However, the platelet is(More)
Several lines of evidence suggest that soluble peptide:N-glycanase (PNGase) is involved in the quality control system for newly synthesized glycoproteins in mammalian cells. Here we report the occurrence of a soluble PNGase activity in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. The enzyme, which was recovered in the cytosolic fraction, has a neutral pH optimum, and(More)
Membrane fusion events are required in three steps in sea urchin fertilization: the acrosome reaction in sperm, fusion of the plasma membrane of acrosome-reacted sperm with the plasma membrane of the egg, and exocytosis of the contents of the egg cortical granules. We recently reported the involvement of a Zn2+-dependent metalloendoprotease in the acrosome(More)
Fertilization depends on cell surface recognition proteins that interact and thereby mediate binding and subsequent fusion of the sperm and egg. Overlapping complementary DNA's encoding the egg plasma membrane receptor for sperm from the sea urchin Strongylocentrotus purpuratus were cloned and sequenced. Analysis of the deduced primary structure suggests(More)
A quantitative assay was developed to study the interaction of Xenopus laevis sperm and eggs. Using this assay it was found that sperm bound in approximately equal numbers to the surface of both hemispheres of the unfertilized egg, but not to the surface of the fertilized egg. To understand the molecular basis of sperm binding to the egg vitelline envelope(More)