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BACKGROUND A C-->T substitution at position -589 in the interleukin-4 (IL-4) gene is associated with increased production of IL-4. Associations between this polymorphism and recurrent vulvovaginal candidiasis (RVVC), as well as vaginal concentrations of IL-4 and the anticandidal compounds nitric oxide (NO) and mannose binding lectin (MBL), were evaluated.… (More)
Although it is the second most common vaginal infection in North America, vulvovaginal candidiasis is a non-notifiable disease and has been excluded from the ranks of sexually transmitted diseases. Not surprisingly, vulvovaginal candidiasis has received scant attention by public health authorities, funding agencies, and researchers. Epidemiologic data on… (More)
OBJECTIVES Mannose-binding lectin (MBL) is active in the innate immune defense against microorganisms. In this study, we determined whether vulvar vestibulitis syndrome, a disorder of unknown etiology, was associated with an altered distribution of MBL alleles. STUDY DESIGN Buccal swabs were obtained from women with vulvar vestibulitis syndrome in New… (More)
Vaginal concentrations of mannose-binding lectin (MBL) and possession of a polymorphism in codon 54 of the MBL gene were determined in 42 women with recurrent vulvovaginal candidiasis (RVVC) and 43 control subjects. Reduced vaginal MBL levels and an increased occurrence of the polymorphism were present in women with RVVC.
BACKGROUND Mannose-binding lectin (MBL), a component of the innate immune system, provides a first-line defense against invading microorganisms. Polymorphisms in the MBL gene have been associated with increased risk of infection. Chlamydia trachomatis genital tract infections are a major cause of Fallopian tube occlusion. Our objective was to test whether… (More)
OBJECTIVE Vulvar vestibulitis is a chronic inflammatory syndrome of unknown cause and pathogenesis. We examined the relation between vulvar vestibulitis and polymorphisms in the gene coding for the interleukin 1 receptor antagonist, a naturally occurring down-regulator of proinflammatory immune responses. STUDY DESIGN Cells from the lower genital tract of… (More)
Interleukin-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1RA) is a naturally occurring competitive inhibitor of interleukin-1 (IL-1)-induced proinflammatory activity. The IL-1RA gene is polymorphic, resulting in quantitative differences in both IL-1RA and IL-1beta production. Persons homozygous for allele 2 of the IL-1RA gene (IL1RN*2) have a more prolonged and more severe… (More)