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Sixty-one patients with preterm rupture of membranes were studied. Transabdominal amniocentesis was performed successfully in 42 patients (68.8%). Among these 42, 26 (61.9%) had a lecithin:sphingomyelin (L:S) ratio of 1.8 or greater and 16 (38.1%) demonstrated pulmonary immaturity. Amniotic fluid obtained from vaginal pooling was compared to fluid obtained(More)
BACKGROUND A C-->T substitution at position -589 in the interleukin-4 (IL-4) gene is associated with increased production of IL-4. Associations between this polymorphism and recurrent vulvovaginal candidiasis (RVVC), as well as vaginal concentrations of IL-4 and the anticandidal compounds nitric oxide (NO) and mannose binding lectin (MBL), were evaluated.(More)
Although it is the second most common vaginal infection in North America, vulvovaginal candidiasis is a non-notifiable disease and has been excluded from the ranks of sexually transmitted diseases. Not surprisingly, vulvovaginal candidiasis has received scant attention by public health authorities, funding agencies, and researchers. Epidemiologic data on(More)
OBJECTIVES Mannose-binding lectin (MBL) is active in the innate immune defense against microorganisms. In this study, we determined whether vulvar vestibulitis syndrome, a disorder of unknown etiology, was associated with an altered distribution of MBL alleles. STUDY DESIGN Buccal swabs were obtained from women with vulvar vestibulitis syndrome in New(More)
Vaginal concentrations of mannose-binding lectin (MBL) and possession of a polymorphism in codon 54 of the MBL gene were determined in 42 women with recurrent vulvovaginal candidiasis (RVVC) and 43 control subjects. Reduced vaginal MBL levels and an increased occurrence of the polymorphism were present in women with RVVC.
BACKGROUND Mannose-binding lectin (MBL), a component of the innate immune system, provides a first-line defense against invading microorganisms. Polymorphisms in the MBL gene have been associated with increased risk of infection. Chlamydia trachomatis genital tract infections are a major cause of Fallopian tube occlusion. Our objective was to test whether(More)
In a one-year evaluation of the Obstetric-Gynecologic Services of the Los Angeles County University of Southern California Medical Center, bacteremia was confirmed on 144 occasions in 139 patients. This represented an over-all incidence of 7/1,000 admissions with gram-negative bacteremia observed in 3.1/1,000 admissions. There were four deaths in this(More)
Twelve postmenopausal women with tuboovarian abscess were manages at the Los Angeles County-University of Southern California Medical Center in the period 1970 to 1975. Post-menopausal uterine bleeding and a palpable pelvic mass were the most common findings. On admission however, presenting signs and symptoms were generally not helpful in making a correct(More)