William J. Jusko

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Four basic models for characterizing indirect pharmacodynamic responses after drug administration have been developed and compared. The models are based on drug effects (inhibition or stimulation) on the factors controlling either the input or the dissipation of drug response. Pharmacokinetic parameters of methylprednisolone were used to generate plasma(More)
Drugs that bind with high affinity and to a significant extent (relative to dose) to a pharmacologic target such as an enzyme, receptor, or transporter may exhibit nonlinear pharmacokinetic (PK) behavior. Processes such as receptor-mediated endocytosis may result in drug elimination. A general PK model for characterizing such behavior is described and(More)
Corticosteroid (CS) pharmacogenomics was studied using gene microarrays in rat liver. Methylprednisolone (MPL) was administered intravenously at 50 mg/kg. Rats were sacrificed and liver excised at 17 time points over 72 h. RNAs from individual livers were used to query Affymetrix GeneChips that contain sequences for 8000 genes. Cluster analysis revealed six(More)
A family of four basic physiologic indirect response models has been proposed to account for the pharmacodynamics of drugs that act by way of inhibition or stimulation of the production or loss of endogenous substances or mediators. Such models were applied previously to account for the anticoagulant effects of warfarin, adrenal suppression by(More)
This study describes a pharmacokinetic (PK) model to account for serum recombinant human erythropoietin (rHuEpo) concentrations in healthy volunteers following intravenous (IV) and subcutaneous (SC) dosing; it also characterizes the pharmacodynamics (PD) of SC rHuEpo effects on reticulocytes, red blood cells (RBC), and hemoglobin (Hb) in blood. Data were(More)
Indirect pharmacodynamic response (IDR) models were developed for agents which alter the generation of cell populations with arbitrary lifespan distributions. These models extend lifespan based IDR models introduced previously [J. Pharmacokinet. Biopharm. 27: 467, 1999] for cell populations with the same lifespan (“delta” distribution). Considered are cell(More)
Pharmacodynamics is the study of the time course of pharmacological effects of drugs. The field of pharmacodynamic modeling has made many advances, due in part to the relatively recent development of basic and extended mechanism-based models. The purpose of this article is to describe the classic as well as contemporary approaches, with an emphasis on(More)
A pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic (PK/PD) model was developed to simultaneously characterize interferon after i.v. and s.c. dosing at various dose levels. A sequential study in monkeys (n = 18) was conducted, where single doses of 1, 3, and 10 MIU/kg of recombinant-human interferon-beta (IFN-beta) 1a were given i.v. and then s.c. Plasma concentrations of(More)
Prednisolone, a commonly used synthetic corticosteroid, and IL-10, a cytokine under investigation for strong antiinflammatory properties, are being contemplated as a potential joint therapeutic regimen in immune disorders. Their pharmacodynamic interactions were examined in blood from healthy adult male and female volunteers using an in vitro(More)