AIMS/HYPOTHESIS Glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide (GIP) is an enteroendocrine hormone that promotes storage of glucose and fat. Its secretion from intestinal K cells is triggered by nutrient ingestion and is modulated by intracellular cAMP. In view of the proadipogenic actions of GIP, this study aimed to identify pathways in K cells that lower… (More)
Ahstract-Experiments are performed to develop a fundamental understanding of boiling incipience in wavy free-falling turbulent liquid films. Incipience conditions are measured and correlated for water and a fluorocarbon (FC-72) liquid. Incipience in water films is influenced by turbulent eddies and, to a larger extent, by interfacial waves. A new approach… (More)
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Controlling boiling incipience is of paramount importance for reliable operation of liquid-cooled microelectronic heat sources during power transients. This study focuses on heat transfer from a simulated multichip module to a falling film. Experiments have been performed to develop an understanding of the influence of surface tension and wetting… (More)