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Two monoclonal anti-idiotope antibodies, previously found to induce tumor-specific cell-mediated immunity in mice, were examined for their relationship to tumor-associated suppressor factors (SF), produced in culture by spleen cells from tumor-bearing mice or present in sera from such mice. A leukocyte adherence inhibition assay was used to detect cellular(More)
Cis-urocanic acid (cis-UCA), produced from trans-UCA (a normal component of epidermis) by UV irradiation, suppressed cell-mediated immunological reactions in vivo and in vitro. It suppressed the development of contact hypersensitivity (CHS) when injected into mice, and it suppressed leucocyte adherence inhibition (LAI) reactions of previously sensitized(More)
Contact hypersensitivity to dinitrochlorobenzene (DNCB), picryl chloride (PCl) or oxazolone was induced in mice by skin painting with these agents, and was measured by skin testing in vivo using the ear swelling method. Prior administration of dinitrobenzene sulfonate (DNBS) or picryl sulfonic acid prevented sensitization to DNCB and PCl, respectively. Both(More)
Rat monoclonal antibody 6.10 recognizes a 175-kDa protein expressed in all BALB/c mouse transitional cell bladder carcinomas tested, in epithelial cells of the mouse embryo, and in a few epithelial cells of adult mice. The antibody was used as an immunogen to generate two mouse monoclonal antibodies, 21D9 and 43A10, which bind to idiotopes on antibody 6.10(More)
A light and electron microscopic study of antibody-dependent lymphocytotoxicity was carried out with the object of elucidating the mechanisms responsible for the cell killing, the basis for the research being the relationship that has recently been shown to exist between the morphology of cell death and its pathogenesis. Chang liver cells coated with a(More)
The leucocyte adherence inhibition (LAI) test, previously described for the detection of cell mediated immunity and serum blocking factors associated with murine tumours, has now been adapted for use with human cancer patients. Blood leucocytes from these patients, mixed in vitro with antigenic extracts of tumours of the same type, had their normal(More)
On the basis of histological studies, it is proposed that the type of liver-cell death in piecemeal necrosis is apoptosis. The characteristic inconspicuousness of apoptosis explains why the mode of hepatocyte elimination in piecemeal necrosis has hitherto remained obscure. Cell-mediated immune attack induces apoptosis, not classical necrosis, and the(More)