William J. Godinez

Learn More
Particle tracking is of key importance for quantitative analysis of intracellular dynamic processes from time-lapse microscopy image data. Because manually detecting and following large numbers of individual particles is not feasible, automated computational methods have been developed for these tasks by many groups. Aiming to perform an objective(More)
Assembly and release of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) occur at the plasma membrane of infected cells and are driven by the Gag polyprotein. Previous studies analyzed viral morphogenesis using biochemical methods and static images, while dynamic and kinetic information has been lacking until very recently. Using a combination of wide-field and total(More)
Modern developments in time-lapse fluorescence microscopy enable the observation of a variety of processes exhibited by viruses. The dynamic nature of these processes requires the tracking of viruses over time to explore spatial-temporal relationships. In this work, we developed deterministic and probabilistic approaches for multiple virus tracking in(More)
The evaluation of fluorescence microscopy images acquired in high-throughput cell phenotype screens constitutes a substantial bottleneck and motivates the development of automated image analysis methods. Here we introduce a computational scheme to process 3D multi-cell time-lapse images as they are produced in large-scale RNAi experiments. We describe an(More)
Modern developments in time-lapse microscopy enable the observation of a variety of processes exhibited by viruses. The dynamic nature of these processes requires the tracking of viruses over time to explore the spatio-temporal relationships. In this work, we developed deterministic and probabilistic approaches for multiple virus tracking. A quantitative(More)
The mechanisms underlying chromosome segregation in prokaryotes remain a subject of debate and no unifying view has yet emerged. Given that the initial disentanglement of duplicated chromosomes could be achieved by purely entropic forces, even the requirement of an active prokaryotic segregation machinery has been questioned. Using computer simulations, we(More)
Dynamic microtubules (MTs) are required for neuronal guidance, in which axons extend directionally toward their target tissues. We found that depletion of the MT-binding protein Xenopus cytoplasmic linker-associated protein 1 (XCLASP1) or treatment with the MT drug Taxol reduced axon outgrowth in spinal cord neurons. To quantify the dynamic distribution of(More)
BACKGROUND Most retroviruses enter their host cells by fusing the viral envelope with the plasma membrane. Although the protein machinery promoting fusion has been characterized extensively, the dynamics of the process are largely unknown. RESULTS We generated human immunodeficiency virus-1 (HIV-1) particles pseudotyped with the envelope (Env) protein of(More)
The entry process of virus particles into cells is decisive for infection. In this work, we investigate fusion of virus particles with the cell membrane via time-lapse fluorescence microscopy. To automatically identify fusion for single particles based on their intensity over time, we have developed a layered probabilistic approach. The approach decomposes(More)