William J Giardina

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Adrogolide (ABT-431; DAS-431) is a chemically stable prodrug that is converted rapidly (<1 min) in plasma to A-86929, a full agonist at dopamine D1 receptors. In in vitro functional assays, A-86929 is over 400 times more selective for dopamine D1 than D2 receptors. In rats with a unilateral loss of striatal dopamine, A-86929 produces contralateral rotations(More)
(S)-3-methyl-5-(1-methyl-2-pyrrolidinyl)isoxazole (ABT 418), an isoxazole analog of (-)-nicotine, is a potent agonist at the alpha-4/beta-2 subtype of neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) that exists in mammalian brain (Arneric et al., 1994). Compared to (-)-nicotine, ABT 418 has reduced potency to interact with the subunit isoforms of nAChR(More)
Epilepsy is a common (50 million patients worldwide) neurological disorder characterized by seizures that are caused by episodic abnormal electrical activity in the brain. Animal models play an essential role in epilepsy research including the discovery and development of new antiepileptic drugs. Described in this unit are protocols for traditional acute(More)
A-86929 ((-)-trans-9,10-dihydroxy-2-propyl-4,5,5a,6,7,11b-hexahydro-3- thia-5-azacyclopent-1-ena[c]phenanthrene) is a potent and selective full agonist at the dopamine D1 receptor. Both A-86929 and ABT-431 ((-)-trans-9,10-diacetyloxy-2-propyl-4,5,5a,6,7,11b- hexahydro-3-thia-5-azacyclopent-1-ena[c]phenanthrene hydrochloride), the diacetyl prodrug derivative(More)
(+/-)-(1'R*,3R*)-3-phenyl-1-[(1',2',3',4'-tetrahydro-5',6'-methylene- dioxy-1'-naphthalenyl) methyl] pyrrolidine methanesulfonate (ABT-200) was evaluated in a number of biological tests to establish its pharmacological profile of activity. ABT-200 antagonized the uptake of [3H]-norepinephrine into synaptosomes of rat hypothalamus (IC50 = 841 nM) and blocked(More)
Experiments were performed to characterize the circadian behavior of bilateral olfactory bulbectomized (OB) rats and to investigate the effects of imipramine on that behavior. OB and sham-operated (SO) rats were housed individually for 2 weeks in activity monitors on a 13-hr light/11-hr dark cycle. OB rats were significantly more active than SO rats during(More)