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This paper reviews the remarkable developments of the magnetic tunnel junction over the last decade and in particular, work aimed at demonstrating its potential for a dense, fast, and nonvolatile random access memory. The initial focus is on the technological roots of the magnetic tunnel junction, and then on the recent progress made with engineered(More)
The incidence of post-herpetic neuralgia following shingles and the factors that are known to predict it were examined in a prospective observational community study of patients with acute shingles presenting to their family doctors. The detection of viral DNA in the blood at presentation as a prognostic indicator for pain was also evaluated. Patients were(More)
—An integrated voltage regulator (IVR) is presented that uses custom fabricated thin-film magnetic power induc-tors. The inductors are fabricated on a silicon interposer and integrated with a multi-phase buck converter IC by 2.5D chip stacking. Several inductor design variations have been fabricated and tested. The best performance has been achieved with a(More)
We have observed low-frequency noise due to quasiequilibrium thermal magnetization fluctuations in micron-scale magnetic tunnel junctions (MTJs). This strongly field-dependent magnetic noise occurs within the magnetic hysteresis loops, either as 1/f or Lorentzian (random telegraph) noise. We attribute it to the thermally excited hopping of magnetic domain(More)
MRAM (magnetic random access memory) technology, based on the use of magnetic tunnel junctions (MTJs) as memory elements, is a potentially fast nonvolatile memory technology with very high write endurance. This paper is an overview of MRAM design considerations. Topics covered include MRAM fundamentals, array architecture, several associated design studies,(More)
We have studied the cerebral haemodynamic and metabolic effects of fentanyl 50 micrograms kg-1 and 100 micrograms kg-1 in dogs undergoing ventilation with oxygen and nitrogen at normocapnia. Cerebral blood flow was measured continuously by direct measurement of the outflow of the posterior sagittal sinus. Arterial and sagittal sinus blood-gas tensions were(More)
BACKGROUND Isolated mammalian hearts have been used in numerous studies that have led to many important discoveries in cardiac physiology, pharmacology, and surgery. Multiple methods of perfusion have been described including retrograde and/or antegrade flows and crystalloid or blood perfusates. Furthermore, multiple species have been utilized for such(More)