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The study investigates a single-joint movement task that combines a translatory and cyclic component with the objective to investigate the interaction of discrete and rhythmic movement elements. Participants performed an elbow movement in the horizontal plane, oscillating at a prescribed frequency around one target and shifting to a second target upon a(More)
In 3 experiments the interdependencies between timing and force production in unimanual paced and self-paced rhythmic tapping tasks were examined as participants (N = 6 in each experiment) tapped (a) to 1 of 3 target periods (333 ms, 500 ms, and 1,000 ms), while they simultaneously produced a constant peak force (PF) over a 50-s trial; (b) to produce 1 of 3(More)
Everyday actions invariably consist of a combination of discrete and rhythmic elements within or across joints. The study investigated constraints arising from the co-occurrence of the two actions in a two-joint task and how endpoint trajectories are shaped due to these action elements at the joint level. The task consisted of an elbow oscillation in the(More)
Since the mid-19th century settled livestock ranching has been the major form of land use in South Africa, occupying 68% of the land surface. Decreases in livestock densities and ranch numbers during the past century imply that carrying capacities for domestic herbivores are falling. Differences in carbon isotope signals with soil depth and abrupt shifts in(More)
The densities of self-established non-indigenous prickly pears (Opuntia ficus-indica) in rangelands of the Karoo recorded on 3434 km of road transects, were on average 800 times greater below telegraph and transmission poles than away from poles, and 200 times greater next to wire fences along roads than in open rangelands. We suggest that this uneven(More)
This study investigates a complex task in which rhythmic and discrete components have to be combined in single-joint elbow rotations. While previous studies of similar tasks already reported that the initiation of the discrete movement is constrained to a particular phase window of the ongoing rhythmic movement, interpretations have remained contradictory(More)
An 11-year-old boy developed axillary bubonic plague and plague meningitis 3 days after skinning a dead coyote near Albuquerque, New Mexico. The coyoto carcass was recovered 10 days later, and Yersinia pestis was isolated from spleen and marrow of the animal. This is the first report of human plague from exposure to a coyote. A review of experimental and(More)
Although indirect evidence has implicated Delta(5,7,24)-cholestatrien-3-ol as a possible intermediate in cholesterol biosynthesis, this sterol has not previously been isolated from tissues. Administration of two inhibitors of cholesterol biosynthesis to pigs led to the accumulation of Delta(5,7,24)-cholestatrien-3-ol in the tissues, and this sterol was(More)
While biological principles have inspired researchers in computational and engineering research for a long time, there is still rather limited knowledge flow back from computational to biological domains. This paper presents examples of our work where research on anthropomorphic robots lead us to new insights into explaining biological movement phenomena,(More)