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With the increasing use of cocaine in the United States, there has been growing concern regarding its effects on the fetuses and neonates of pregnant cocaine abusers. Fifty-two cocaine-using women enrolled in a comprehensive perinatal addiction program were evaluated and compared with 73 women who had used narcotics in the past and were maintained on(More)
There is no question that the number of women using and abusing drugs other than opiates far exceeds the number who are addicted to narcotics. Data on four groups of drug-addicted pregnant women and their newborns are presented and compared to a drug-free control group. Group I women (N = 51) conceived while on heroin and were converted to low-dose(More)
Ten mother-infant dyads in which the mother abused drugs during pregnancy were compared to 10 matched drug-free dyads using a short form of the Parent-Child Early Relational Assessment to analyze videotaped mother-infant interactions. Interactions consisted of two five-minute segments: structured and unstructured play. Infants were 8-12 months of age. There(More)
The Short Form of the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) was administered to 54 chemically dependent pregnant women to assess the extent and depth of depression in the population. The women were divided into three groups by age: Teenagers, young adults, and older adults. Results suggested that this population, as a whole, scored very high on this depression(More)
An experiment was conducted to investigate the influence of Captain's Log (a computerized cognitive-training system) on the behaviors and performance capabilities of 4 severely emotionally disturbed children with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), ages 7 to 11. Behavioral scales, spectral electroencephalograms, and intelligence and performance(More)
Although maternal ingestion of narcotic substances throughout pregnancy has been of increasing concern over the past two decades in this country, the even more prevalent problem of use and abuse of nonnarcotic substances by the pregnant woman has received little attention. This paper presents data on a group of infants delivered to nonnarcotic-abusing women(More)
A recently developed instrument for the quantification of mother-infant interaction, the Parent-Child Early Relationship Assessment (PCERA), was used to observe drug-abusing mothers and their infants. Compared to the standardization sample used in the development of the PCERA, these drug-abusing mothers (N = 5) showed a tendency toward rigidity and(More)
Research has demonstrated that two types of affect have an influence on judgment and decision making: incidental affect (affect unrelated to a judgment or decision such as a mood) and integral affect (affect that is part of the perceiver's internal representation of the option or target under consideration). So far, these two lines of research have seldom(More)