William I Rosenblum

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Microfabrication technology, more commonly applied to the manufacture of integrated circuits, can be used to build devices useful for mechanical delivery of drugs and genes. Microprobes fabricated using silicon micromachining have been used to deliver DNA into cells as an alternative to bombardment and microinjection. This idea can be extended to(More)
This review describes histopathologic observations made with both light and electron microscopy using both conventional staining techniques and histochemistry. Several conditions are analyzed: Ischemic cell change; delayed neuronal death; selective vulnerability. The histopathologic support for the calcium hypothesis and for the excitotoxic hypothesis(More)
Cytotoxic edema (CytE) is an increment in total brain water produced when the excess water swells cells rather than expanding the extracellular space. CytE contributes to brain swelling with a resultant increase of intracranial pressure (ICP). However, questions remain concerning the magnitude of the contribution made by CytE to raised ICP and the ability(More)
The effects of accommodation demand and deprivation on the development of ocular optics was investigated in four groups of kittens (total n = 29). Group 1 consisted of five normal kittens; group 2 (nine kittens) had monocular radial keratotomy to induce relative hypermetropia and more accommodation demand as well as to impart interocular refractive(More)
Interest in the A beta amyloid in Alzheimer disease (AD) has largely focused on the A beta in the neuropil, an extracellular site. Here much attention has been given to the possibility that A beta acts as a neurotoxin. However, increasing emphasis is now being given to the relationship between neurofibrillary tangles (NFT) and the degree of cognitive(More)
Pial artrioles of rats were monitored in vivo and found to dilate in dose-dependent fashion upon application of either benzamil or ethyl isopropyl amiloride, both of which are inhibitors of the sodium-hydrogen antiport. Antiport blockade is known to decrease the internal pH of vascular smooth muscle (VSM). The dilation was blocked by 1 microm glibenclamide,(More)
Before amyloid formation, peptides cleaved from the amyloid precursor protein (APP) exist as soluble oligomers. These are extremely neurotoxic. Their concentration is strongly correlated with synaptic impairment in animals and parallel cognitive decline in animals and humans. Clinical trials have largely been aimed at removing insoluble beta amyloid in(More)
Large numbers of Lewy bodies in the substantia nigra were found in a case of Alzheimer's disease. Parkinsonian symptoms were not recognized. The patient appears to be an example of an association recognized by Woodard but not yet understood. The case is discussed in the context of reported relationships between Parkinson's disease or "Lewy body disease" and(More)
Cerebral hemorrhage in hypertensive patients is still an important source of morbidity and death. Understanding its underlying pathological basis is essential for the development of fact-based attempts to prevent the hemorrhage. Fibrinoid necrosis and miliary aneurysms are associated with and are the probable underlying causative lesions. Unfortunately much(More)
Traumatic brain injury may result in immediate long-lasting coma. Much attention has been given to predicting this outcome from the initial examination because these predictions can guide future treatment and interactions with the patient's family. Reports of diffuse axonal injury in these cases have ascribed the coma to widespread damage in the deep white(More)