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BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE It has been speculated that the same type of hypertensive small-artery disease can cause either intracerebral hemorrhages or ischemic lesions, depending on the circumstances. METHODS To test this hypothesis, we examined the association between spontaneous intracerebral hematomas and both small chronic hemorrhages and ischemic(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Leukocytes contribute to cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury. However, few experimental models examine both in vivo behavior of leukocytes and microvascular rheology after stroke. The purpose of the present study was to characterize patterns of leukocyte accumulation in the cerebral microcirculation and to examine the relationship(More)
Microfabrication technology, more commonly applied to the manufacture of integrated circuits, can be used to build devices useful for mechanical delivery of drugs and genes. Microprobes fabricated using silicon micromachining have been used to deliver DNA into cells as an alternative to bombardment and microinjection. This idea can be extended to(More)
This review describes histopathologic observations made with both light and electron microscopy using both conventional staining techniques and histochemistry. Several conditions are analyzed: Ischemic cell change; delayed neuronal death; selective vulnerability. The histopathologic support for the calcium hypothesis and for the excitotoxic hypothesis(More)
Cytotoxic edema (CytE) is an increment in total brain water produced when the excess water swells cells rather than expanding the extracellular space. CytE contributes to brain swelling with a resultant increase of intracranial pressure (ICP). However, questions remain concerning the magnitude of the contribution made by CytE to raised ICP and the ability(More)
Mice were implanted subcutaneously with a pellet containing 0.5 mg estradiol or with a placebo. Eight to 12 days later platelet aggregation was produced in pial arterioles by injuring their endothelium in vivo with a noxious light/dye stimulus. The time between the onset of the noxious stimulus and the appearance of platelet aggregates was significantly(More)
  • Y Y Li, Y Feng, +6 authors A M Feldman
  • 2001
BACKGROUND Left ventricular assist device (LVAD) support of the failing heart induces salutary changes in myocardial structure and function. Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are increased in the failing heart and are induced by stretch in cardiac cells in vitro. We hypothesized that mechanical unloading may affect LV plasticity by regulating MMPs and their(More)
The effects of accommodation demand and deprivation on the development of ocular optics was investigated in four groups of kittens (total n = 29). Group 1 consisted of five normal kittens; group 2 (nine kittens) had monocular radial keratotomy to induce relative hypermetropia and more accommodation demand as well as to impart interocular refractive(More)