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This paper provides a brief overview of the diversity of voltage-gated Ca2+ channels and our recent work on neuronal Ca2+ channels with novel pharmacological and biophysical properties that distinguish them from L, N, P or T-type channels. The Ca2+ channel alpha 1 subunit known as alpha 1A or BI [Mori Y., Friedrich T., Kim M.-S., Mikami A., Nakai J., Ruth(More)
Diverse types of calcium channels in vertebrate neurons are important in linking electrical activity to transmitter release, gene expression and modulation of membrane excitability. Four classes of Ca2+ channels (T, N, L and P-type) have been distinguished on the basis of their electrophysiological and pharmacological properties. Most of the recently cloned(More)
The calcium channel alpha(1A) subunit gene codes for proteins with diverse structure and function. This diversity may be important for fine tuning neurotransmitter release at central and peripheral synapses. The alpha(1A) C terminus, which serves a critical role in processing information from intracellular signaling molecules, is capable of undergoing(More)
Voltage-dependent Ca2+ channels regulate Ca2+ entry and thereby contribute to Ca2+ signalling in many cells. Functional studies have uncovered several types of Ca2+ channel, distinguished by pharmacology, electrophysiology and tissue localization. More recently, molecular cloning has revealed an even greater diversity among Ca2+ channels, arising from(More)
Neurotoxins that selectively block Na+, K+ or Ca2+ channels have provided valuable information about the functional diversity of the voltage-gated channel superfamily. For Ca2+ channels, a variety of toxins have been found to block individual channel types. The best-known example is omega-conotoxin-GVIA, a member of a large family of peptide toxins derived(More)
Gabapentin is well established as an effective treatment for neuropathic pain; however, little is known about its mechanism of action. It binds with high affinity to Ca2+ channel alpha2delta subunits that are expressed in dorsal root ganglia. Mutation of a single alpha2delta amino acid, R217A, eliminates both gabapentin binding and analgesic efficacy.(More)
In many neurons, transmitter release from presynaptic terminals is triggered by Ca2+ entry via dihydropyridine-insensitive Ca2+ channels. We have looked for cDNAs for such channels in the nervous system of the marine ray Discopyge ommata. One cDNA (doe-2) is similar to dihydropyridine-sensitive L-type channels, and two cDNAs (doe-1 and doe-4) are similar to(More)
Ca2+ channel beta subunits modify alpha1 subunit gating properties through direct interactions with intracellular linker domains. In a previous report (Helton and Horne, 2002), we showed that alternative splicing of the beta4 subunit had alpha1 subunit subtype-specific effects on Ca2+ channel activation and fast inactivation. We extend these findings in the(More)
Ca2+ channel beta subunits regulate cell-surface expression and gating of voltage-dependent Ca2+ channel alpha1 subunits. Based on primary sequence comparisons, beta subunits are predicted to be modular structures composed of five domains (A-E) that are related to the large family of membrane-associated guanylate kinase proteins. The crystal structure of(More)