William Higgins

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We have assessed the effects of five sulfonamides with widely varying inhibitory activity for carbonic anhydrase (CA) in the bone slice assay using disaggregated rat osteoclasts (OCs), and in the Maren assay where the catalytic activity of purified CA isozyme II (CA II) was measured. There was an excellent correlation between the relative potencies of the(More)
The biological activity of various cigarette smokes has been assessed by treating cell cultures of rabbit alveolar macrophages with salt solutions of "whole smoke," smoke "vapor phase," and smoke "particulate phase." The results of these tests revealed degrees of toxicity that varied in accordance with the smoke treatment used. Further, these differences in(More)
The Escherichia coli dapF gene was isolated from a cosmid library as a result of screening for clones overproducing diaminopimelate epimerase. Insertional mutagenesis was performed on the cloned dapF gene with a mini-Mu transposon, leading to chloramphenicol resistance. One of these insertions was transferred onto the chromosome by a double-recombination(More)
TGFbeta1 acts as a potent negative regulator of the cell cycle and tumor suppressor in part through induction of cyclin dependent kinase inhibitors p15(ink4b), p21, and p57. We previously showed that primary mouse epidermal keratinocytes (MEK) expressing a v-ras(Ha) oncogene undergo hyperproliferation followed by growth arrest and senescence that was(More)
Patients treated with barbiturate coma for elevated intracranial pressure after head injury may suffer brain death. Since such patients have an iatrogenically induced absence of neurological function, brain death cannot be diagnosed clinically. Furthermore, as demonstrated by two of our patients, monitoring of intracranial pressure, even in the face of(More)
The dapE gene of Escherichia coli encodes N-succinyl-L-diaminopimelic acid desuccinylase, an enzyme that catalyzes the synthesis of LL-diaminopimelic acid, one of the last steps in the diaminopimelic acid-lysine pathway. The dapE gene region was previously purified from a lambda bacteriophage transducing the neighboring purC gene (J. Parker, J. Bacteriol.(More)