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We have developed an image-directed robotic system to augment the performance of human surgeons in precise bone machining procedures in orthopaedic surgery, initially targeted at cementless total hip replacement surgery. The total system consists of an interactive CT-based presurgical planning component and a surgical system consisting of a robot, redundant(More)
Three cases of slowly progressive speech and language disturbance were studied at various points post onset (three, five and 15 years respectively). Language, neuropsychological and brain imaging (computer tomography and positron emission tomography) evaluations were completed on all three patients. The data suggest that the syndrome of "progressive(More)
Subcortical structural damage that includes the anterior and posterior internal capsule, caudate, thalamus, lenticular nuclei, and insula has been shown to cause aphasias. A critical question that has not been resolved is whether the role of these structures on behavior is a direct one or whether it is indirect through the cortex. We have used pathway(More)
Anthropogenic inputs of mercury (Hg) into the environment have significantly increased in the past century. Concurrently, the availability of methylmercury (MeHg) in aquatic systems has increased to levels posing risks to ecological and human health. We use the common loon (Gavia immer) as an upper trophic level bioindicator of aquatic Hg toxicity in(More)
Thirty days after resection of 10 to 80% of the midportion of the small intestine, excluding the duodenum, several cell kinetic parameters were investigated in the residual intestine. The degree of intestinal response increased in a stepwise fashion as the amount of tissue removed was increased. The response involved marked increases in: DNA synthesis per(More)
Streptozotocin-induced diabetes in the rat alters intestinal function, causes hyperphagia and arrests body growth, but stimulates intestinal growth, particularly in the mucosa. Therefore we measured several indices of epithelial cell proliferation to gain insight on possible factors responsible for the increased mucosal cell mass in the small intestine. We(More)
The sequence of events which comprise the early response of the residual intestine to 70% resection of the combined jejunum and ileum was investigated. Animals were killed at 2,4,6,8, and 12 postoperative days. Marked increases in DNA synthesis expressed as disintegraions per minute per crypt, cells per cyrypt column, labeled cells per crypt column,(More)
The radiosensitivity as measured by LD50/6 or LD50/30 of the F1 hybrid B6CF1 (C57BL/6 X BALB/c) is similar to that of C57BL/6 mice but markedly different from BALB/c. The LD50/6 for BALB/c mice was about 8.8 Gy compared to 16.4 Gy for the B6CF1. The difference in LD50/6 between the parent strains or between BALB/c and the F1 hybrid could not be explained by(More)