William H Woodward

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The purpose of this study was to evaluate analytical techniques for the measurement of the glass transition temperature of HPMC and formulated solid dispersions thereof. Unmodified samples of various grades of HPMC and solid dispersions of HPMC and itraconazole produced by hot melt extrusion were analyzed by thermomechanical analysis, differential scanning(More)
BACKGROUND The ARTEMIS trial compared first-line antiretroviral therapy (ART) with lopinavir/ritonavir (LPV/r) to darunavir plus ritonavir (DRV + RTV) for HIV-1-infected subjects. In order to fully assess the implications of this study, economic modelling extrapolating over a longer term is required. OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to simulate the(More)
The reactivity of aluminum anion clusters with water was found to exhibit variations with size, with some clusters exhibiting negligible reactivity, others absorbing one or more water, while even others releasing H(2) with addition of multiple waters. (Roach, P.J., Woodward, W.H. et al. Science, 2009, 323, 492). Herein, we provide further details on the(More)
Acetylcholine receptors were inactivated in vivo at the mouse neuromuscular junction using alpha-bungarotoxin (alpha-BTX). It was found that neurally produced muscle contraction recovered within 4-8 days (halftime similar to 3 days). Actinomycin D interfered with this recovery, but did not affect normal nerve-stimulated muscle contraction. If the response(More)
The discovery that a-bungarotoxin (ct-BTX), a polypeptide isolated from the venom of Bungarus multicinctus, binds specifically and irreversibly to the nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (AChR) (3) has provided a tool for the study of the localization and turnover of the receptor in vertebrate muscle. Previous studies by Berg and Hall (1, 2) have suggested(More)
The reactions of metal clusters with small molecules often depend on cluster size. The selectivity of oxygen reactions with aluminum cluster anions can be well described within an electronic shell model; however, not all reactions are subject to the same fundamental constraints. We observed the size selectivity of aluminum cluster anion reactions with(More)
Fluorescent measurements of intracellular H(+) and Na(+) are improved by using whole spectra of the fluorescent indicators BCECF and SBFI, respectively. The extra data in whole spectra enable both an accurate calibration and a ready detection of artifacts which are not possible to identify using a more conventional data analysis that relies upon only two(More)
It is shown that spin accommodation plays a determining role in the reactivity of aluminum based anion clusters with oxygen. Experimental reactivity studies on aluminum and aluminum-hydrogen clusters show variable reactivity in even electron systems and rapid etching in odd electron systems. The reactivity of even electron clusters is governed by a spin(More)
The formation and oxygen etching of Al(n)H(m)(-) clusters are characterized in a flow reactor experiment with first-principles theoretical investigations to demonstrate the exceptional stability of Al(4)H(7)(-). The origin of the preponderance of Al(4)H(7)(-) in the mass spectra of hydrogenated aluminum anions and its resistance to O(2) etching are(More)