William H. Velander

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Deficiency or abnormality of coagulation factor VIII (FVIII) causes a bleeding disorder called hemophilia A. Treatment involves FVIII concentrates prepared from pooled human plasma or recombinant FVIII (rFVIII) prepared from mammalian cell culture. The cost of highly purified FVIII or rFVIII is a major factor in hemophilia therapy and restricts prophylaxis.(More)
The serious shortage of human organs available for transplantation has engendered a heightened interest in the use of animal organs (xenografts) for transplantation. However, the major barrier to successful discordant xenogeneic organ transplantation is the phenomenon of hyperacute rejection. Hyperacute rejection results from the deposition of high-titer(More)
The similar biological activity of rhPC and hPC indicates that porcine mammary gland can perform many of the processing reactions necessary for recombinant synthesis of complex human proteins and produce them at levels suitable for industrial bioreactor applications. The health of the transgenic pigs appeared unaffected by the expression of high levels of(More)
Transgenic pigs were generated that produced human protein C in their milk at up to 1 g/liter. The gene construct was a fusion gene consisting of the cDNA for human protein C inserted into the first exon of the mouse whey acidic protein gene. These results demonstrate that the mouse whey acidic protein gene contains regulatory elements that can direct cDNA(More)
The mammary gland of transgenic livestock can be used as a bioreactor for producing complex therapeutic proteins. However, the capacity for making a given post-translational modification upon any given polypeptide is uncertain. For example, the efficiency of gamma-carboxylation of glutamic acid in the amino terminal regions of recombinant human protein C(More)
The present study was carried out to 1) evaluate the viability of in vitro fertilized zygotes after microinjection of DNA, 2) assess the influence of oocyte quality upon the development rate of embryos when injected with DNA, and 3) determine the integration frequency of green fluorescent protein DNA into microinjected embryos. Oocytes were aspirated from(More)
Both the low animal cell density of bioreactors and their ability to post-translationally process recombinant factor IX (rFIX) limit hemophilia B therapy to <20% of the world's population. We used transgenic pigs to make rFIX in milk at about 3,000-fold higher output than provided by industrial bioreactors. However, this resulted in incomplete(More)
Vitamin K-dependent plasma protein, human Protein C (HPC) has been expressed in transgenic mice, using a 4.2kb mouse whey acidic protein (WAP) promoter, 9.0 kb HPC gene and 0.4 kb 3′flanking sequences. Expression was mammary gland-specific and the recombinant human Protein C (rHPC) was detected in milk at concentrations of 0.1 to 0.7mg ml−1. SDS-PAGE(More)