Sodium channel blockers are used clinically to treat a number of neuropathic pain conditions, but more potent and selective agents should improve on the therapeutic index of currently used drugs. In a high-throughput functional assay, a novel sodium channel (Na(V)) blocker, N-[[2'-(aminosulfonyl)biphenyl-4-yl]methyl]-N'-(2,2'-bithien-5-ylmethyl)succinamide… (More)
A series of benzodiazepines and benzazepinones were synthesized and evaluated as potential sodium channel blockers in a functional, membrane potential-based assay. One member of the benzazepinone series, compound 47, displayed potent, state-dependent block of hNa(v)1.7, and was orally efficacious in a rat model of neuropathic pain.
Several sodium channel blockers are used clinically to treat neuropathic pain. However, many patients fail to achieve adequate pain relief from these highly brain-penetrant drugs because of dose-limiting central nervous system side effects. Here, we describe the functional properties of… (More)
Human nociceptive voltage-gated sodium channel (Na(v)1.7), a target of significant interest for the development of antinociceptive agents, is blocked by low nanomolar concentrations of (-)-tetrodotoxin(TTX) but not (+)-saxitoxin (STX) and (+)-gonyautoxin-III (GTX-III). These findings question the long-accepted view that the 1.7 isoform is both tetrodotoxin-… (More)
Enzyme classes may contain outlier members that share mechanistic, but not sequence or structural, relatedness with more common representatives. The functional annotation of such exceptional proteins can be challenging. Here, we use activity-based profiling to discover that the poorly characterized multipass transmembrane proteins AIG1 and ADTRP are… (More)
More than 30 years ago, a calcium-dependent enzyme activity was described that generates N-acyl phosphatidylethanolamines (NAPEs), which are precursors for N-acyl ethanolamine (NAE) lipid transmitters, including the endocannabinoid anandamide. The identity of this calcium-dependent N-acyltransferase (Ca-NAT) has remained mysterious. Here, we use… (More)
Lysophosphatidylserines (lyso-PSs) are a class of signaling lipids that regulate immunological and neurological processes. The metabolism of lyso-PSs remains poorly understood in vivo. Recently, we determined that ABHD12 is a major brain lyso-PS lipase, implicating lyso-PSs in the neurological disease polyneuropathy, hearing loss, ataxia, retinitis… (More)
Both chronic and neuropathic pain conditions are associated with increased expression of certain voltage-gated sodium ion channel (NaV) isoforms in peripheral sensory neurons. A method for noninvasive imaging of these channels could represent a powerful tool for investigating aberrant expression of NaV and its role in pain pathogenesis. Herein, we describe… (More)
A series of 3-amino-1,5-benzodiazepinones were synthesized and evaluated as potential sodium channel blockers in a functional, membrane potential-based assay. One member of this series displayed subnanomolar, state-dependent sodium channel block, and was orally efficacious in a mouse model of epilepsy.
A system for computer-assisted space planning is presented. The capabilities of the computer assisted process are outlined and compared to traditional manual methods. A method for gathering data suitable for CAD is discussed, along with programs for the “stacking”, layout, and evaluation of plans. A methodology for the use of the system is also… (More)