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  • Suzanne Mandala, Richard Hajdu, James Bergstrom, Elizabeth Quackenbush, Jenny Xie, James Milligan +10 others
  • 2002
Blood lymphocyte numbers, essential for the development of efficient immune responses, are maintained by recirculation through secondary lymphoid organs. We show that lymphocyte trafficking is altered by the lysophospholipid sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) and by a phosphoryl metabolite of the immunosuppressive agent FTY720. Both species were high-affinity(More)
Human nociceptive voltage-gated sodium channel (Na(v)1.7), a target of significant interest for the development of antinociceptive agents, is blocked by low nanomolar concentrations of (-)-tetrodotoxin(TTX) but not (+)-saxitoxin (STX) and (+)-gonyautoxin-III (GTX-III). These findings question the long-accepted view that the 1.7 isoform is both tetrodotoxin-(More)
Sodium channel blockers are used clinically to treat a number of neuropathic pain conditions, but more potent and selective agents should improve on the therapeutic index of currently used drugs. In a high-throughput functional assay, a novel sodium channel (Na(V)) blocker, N-[[2'-(aminosulfonyl)biphenyl-4-yl]methyl]-N'-(2,2'-bithien-5-ylmethyl)succinamide(More)
A novel nortriterpene, termed correolide, purified from the tree Spachea correae, inhibits Kv1.3, a Shaker-type delayed rectifier potassium channel present in human T lymphocytes. Correolide inhibits 86Rb+ efflux through Kv1.3 channels expressed in CHO cells (IC50 86 nM; Hill coefficient 1) and displays a defined structure-activity relationship. Potency in(More)
Several sodium channel blockers are used clinically to treat neuropathic pain. However, many patients fail to achieve adequate pain relief from these highly brain-penetrant drugs because of dose-limiting central nervous system side effects. Here, we describe the functional properties of(More)
The statements, findings, conclusions, and recommendations found in this study are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Office of Advocacy, the United States Small Business Administration, or the United States government. This report was developed under a contract with the Small Business Administration, Office of Advocacy,(More)
A series of benzodiazepines and benzazepinones were synthesized and evaluated as potential sodium channel blockers in a functional, membrane potential-based assay. One member of the benzazepinone series, compound 47, displayed potent, state-dependent block of hNa(v)1.7, and was orally efficacious in a rat model of neuropathic pain.
The iminodihydroquinoline WIN 17317-3 was previously shown to inhibit selectively the voltage-gated potassium channels, K(v)1.3 and K(v)1.4 [Hill, R. J., et al. (1995) Mol. Pharmacol. 48, 98-104; Nguyen, A., et al. (1996) Mol. Pharmacol. 50, 1672-1679]. Since these channels are found in brain, radiolabeled WIN 17317-3 was synthesized to probe neuronal K(v)1(More)
Lysophosphatidylserines (lyso-PSs) are a class of signaling lipids that regulate immunological and neurological processes. The metabolism of lyso-PSs remains poorly understood in vivo. Recently, we determined that ABHD12 is a major brain lyso-PS lipase, implicating lyso-PSs in the neurological disease polyneuropathy, hearing loss, ataxia, retinitis(More)
More than 30 years ago, a calcium-dependent enzyme activity was described that generates N-acyl phosphatidylethanolamines (NAPEs), which are precursors for N-acyl ethanolamine (NAE) lipid transmitters, including the endocannabinoid anandamide. The identity of this calcium-dependent N-acyltransferase (Ca-NAT) has remained mysterious. Here, we use(More)