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—Our study analyzes the security and privacy properties of an implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD). Introduced to the U.S. market in 2003, this model of ICD includes pacemaker technology and is designed to communicate wirelessly with a nearby external programmer in the 175 kHz frequency range. After partially reverse-engineering the ICD's(More)
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Implantable medical devices (IMDs) improve patients' quality of life and help sustain their lives. In this study, we explore patient views and values regarding their devices to inform the design of computer security for wireless IMDs. We interviewed 13 individuals with implanted cardiac devices. Key questions concerned the evaluation of 8 mockups of IMD(More)
I n 1982, the threat to the security of the world's drug supply was recognized when seven people died from taking Tylenol that had purposely been contaminated with cyanide. The scare spawned federal laws, regulatory modifications , and a revolution in drug packaging. These interventions greatly secured the billions of pills, capsules, tablets, and liquids(More)
The Heart Rhythm Society believes that patient and physician knowledge, confidence, and trust in cardiac rhythm management devices can be enhanced and strengthened through: 1 Greater transparency in post-market surveillance, analysis , and reporting of information, 2 Enhanced systems to increase the return of devices to manufacturers and to improve the(More)
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