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The effects of the hallucinogen, harmaline (HME), and its congeners on human red blood cell (RBC) transport were studied. HME reduced sodium efflux by 70% at maximum inhibitory concentrations (6-8 mM). It acted upon the ouabain-sensitive component of sodium efflux since it exerted no inhibitory actions in the presence of ouabain. Several lines of evidence(More)
BACKGROUND The relevance of allergic sensitization, as judged by titers of serum IgE antibodies, to the risk of an asthma exacerbation caused by rhinovirus is unclear. OBJECTIVE We sought to examine the prevalence of rhinovirus infections in relation to the atopic status of children treated for wheezing in Costa Rica, a country with an increased asthma(More)
Waves similar to ponto-geniculo-occipital (PGO) waves occurring spontaneously in the lateral geniculate body (LGB), pons, and occipital cortex during rapid eye movement (REM) sleep can be elicited in the LGB and the cortex by tones in waking (W), non-rapid eye movement sleep (NREM), and REM. In W, the elicited waves (PGOE) sometimes accompany orienting(More)
Elliptic flow from nuclear collisions is a hadronic observable sensitive to the early stages of system evolution. We report first results on elliptic flow of charged particles at midrapidity in Au+Au collisions at square root(S)NN = 130 GeV using the STAR Time Projection Chamber at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider. The elliptic flow signal, v2, averaged(More)
We discuss the estimation of random errors due to shot noise in backscatter lidar observations that use either photomultiplier tube (PMT) or avalanche photodiode (APD) detectors. The statistical characteristics of photodetection are reviewed, and photon count distributions of solar background signals and laser backscatter signals are examined using airborne(More)
The dependence of sea surface directional reflectance on surface wind stress suggests a method for deriving surface wind speed from space-based lidar measurements of sea surface backscatter. In particular, lidar measurements in the nadir angle range from 10 degrees to 30 degrees appear to be most sensitive to surface wind-speed variability in the regime(More)
Waves similar to spontaneous ponto-geniculo-occipital (PGO) waves of paradoxical sleep (PS) in cats are elicited by tones and can be considered a form of evoked potential termed PGOE. The aims of the present experiment were to determine: (1) the effects of tone intensity on the probability of producing PGOE; (2) the effects of intensity on the amplitude and(More)
A technique we refer to as Elevation Information in Tail (EIT) has been developed to provide improved lidar altimetry from CALIPSO lidar data. The EIT technique is demonstrated using CALIPSO data and is applicable to other similar lidar systems with low-pass filters. The technique relies on an observed relation between the shape of the surface return(More)
BACKGROUND We established an adult extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) service for cardiorespiratory support in April 2009. Complex therapies may show a learning curve and volume-outcome relationship. OBJECTIVES To describe our model of care, casemix and outcomes for the first 30 cases together with unique features of this service and potential(More)