William H. Cover

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Leader peptides that function to direct export of proteins through membranes have some common features but exhibit a remarkable sequence diversity. Thus there is some question whether leader peptides exert their function through conventional stereospecific protein-protein interaction. Here it is shown that the leader peptides retarded the folding of(More)
We have proposed (Randall, L. L., and Hardy, S. J. S. (1986) Cell 46, 921-928) that during export of protein from Escherichia coli, there is a kinetic partitioning between the pathway that leads to productive translocation and the pathway that leads to folding of precursors into a stable conformation that is incompatible with export. This model predicts(More)
An unusual spontaneous pseudorevertant of an Escherichia coli strain carrying the signal sequence point mutation malE14-1 was characterized. The suppressor mutation, malE2261, resulted in a single substitution of an aspartyl residue for a tyrosyl residue at position 283 in the sequence of the mature maltose-binding protein. The precursor retained the(More)
In the development of implantable medical devices, effective sterilization is an essential design element. This article outlines how broad-spectrum pulsed light (BSPL) has been implemented to sterilize a novel, implantable medical device. Components of the device have properties incompatible with most sterilization techniques. The unique characteristics of(More)
Measurements of the sucrose-permeable and -impermeable volumes during Bdellovibrio bacteriovorus attack on Escherichia coli or Pseudomonas putida showed that the volume of the bdelloplast increased over that of the substrate cell. Although the pattern of the increase differed with the two organisms, the volumes reached maximum at about 60 min into the(More)
Efrotomycin is a modified polyketide antibiotic of the elfamycin family that has use in the area of pig husbandry. Optimization of the fermentation medium for production of efrotomycin byNocardia lactamdurans revealed that the fermentation is sensitive to hard water and certain lots of cottonseed flour used to prepare a complex fermentation medium. A(More)
During intraperiplasmic growth of Bdellovibrio bacteriovorus 109J, the substrate cell surface becomes more hydrophobic. This was shown (i) by comparing the sensitivity to hydrophobic antibiotics of wild-type and lipopolysaccharide mutant strains of Salmonella typhimurium to that of the bdellovibrio growing on these strains and (ii) by measuring the binding(More)
Spirillum volutans grows only under microaerobic conditions in a peptone-succinate-salts broth, but can grow aerobically when the peptone is replaced by vitamin-free acid-hydrolyzed casein broth. The addition of potassium metabisulfite, norepinephrine, catalase or superoxide dismutase (SOD) permitted aerobic growth in peptone-succinate-salts broth. A(More)
Treponema pallidum, although sensitive to atmospheric concentrations of O2, requires low levels of O2 for optimal survival and metabolic activity. The addition of 0.0125-0.2 mg/ml of sodium metabisulfite to a basal medium consisting of Eagle's minimal essential medium and 50% fresh, heat-inactivated normal rabbit serum was found to have an effect similar to(More)
Outer membrane preparations of Bdellovibrio bacteriovorus grown intraperiplasmically on Escherichia coli containing OmpF were prepared by the Triton X-100 procedure of Schnaitman (J. Bacteriol. 108:545-552, 1971). They contained a protein that migrated to almost the same position as E. coli OmpF in sodium dodecyl sulfate-acrylamide gradient gel(More)