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BACKGROUND Autologous non-myeloablative haemopoietic stem cell transplantation is a method to deliver intense immune suppression. We evaluated the safety and clinical outcome of autologous non-myeloablative haemopoietic stem cell transplantation in patients with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (MS) who had not responded to treatment with interferon(More)
We conducted a double-blind, placebo-controlled study of acyclovir prophylaxis against infection with herpes simplex virus (HSV) in 20 seropositive recipients of bone-marrow transplants. Acyclovir or placebo was administered for 18 days, starting three days before transplantation. Culture-positive HSV lesions developed during the study in seven of the 10(More)
Twenty-nine adult patients with acute leukemia receiving timed sequential chemotherapy participated in a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of acyclovir prophylaxis against reactivated herpes simplex virus infection. Patients with pretreatment antibody titers of 1:16 or greater received acyclovir or placebo starting 4 days after their(More)
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a disease of the central nervous system characterized by immune-mediated destruction of myelin. In patients with progressive deterioration, we have intensified immunosuppression to the point of myeloablation. Subsequently, a new hematopoietic and immune system is generated by infusion of CD34-positive hematopoietic stem cells(More)
Herpesvirus infections are a major cause of morbidity and mortality in immunosuppressed patients. Bone marrow and organ transplant recipients are model patient populations for studying the natural history of herpesvirus infections because the infections occur predictably after transplantation. Herpes simplex virus infections occur within the first month(More)
Fifty-one patients with acute nonlymphocytic leukemia (16 with end-stage disease, 17 in second or third remission or in early relapse, and 18 in first remission) were given infusions of HLA-identical sibling marrow after cytoreduction with high doses of busulfan and cyclophosphamide. Actuarial two-year survival rates were 0 per cent, 29 per cent, and 44 per(More)
Human herpesvirus-8 (HHV-8) has been detected in Kaposi's sarcoma (KS) lesions of all types (AIDS-related, classical and endemic), in body-cavity-based B-cell lymphomas (BCBLs) and in lesions of multicentric Castleman's disease (MCD). We have identified a major gamma-herpesvirus-divergent locus (DL-B) in HHV-8 DNA encoding several HHV-8 unique open reading(More)
There were 21 patients with rapidly progressive multiple sclerosis (MS) treated on a phase 1/2 study of intense immune suppressive therapy and autologous hematopoietic stem cell (HSC) support with no 1-year mortality. Following transplantation, one patient had a confirmed acute attack of MS. Neurologic progression defined by the expanded disability status(More)
A retrospective study of bone marrow transplant recipients shedding adenovirus type 11 in the urine was carried out to determine the association between viral shedding and hemorrhagic cystitis in this population. Weekly urine virology surveillance cultures were obtained during the first 100 days following transplantation. Adenovirus type 11 was cultured(More)
Multiple sclerosis, systemic lupus erythematosus, and rheumatoid arthritis are immune-mediated diseases that are responsive to suppression or modulation of the immune system. For patients with severe disease, immunosuppression may be intensified to the point of myelosuppression or hematopoietic ablation. Hematopoiesis and immunity may then be rapidly(More)