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To study the mechanism of action of calcium channel-blocking drugs in intact, functioning myocardial tissue under physiological conditions, we related the inhibition of contraction of spontaneously beating monolayers of cultured chick embryo ventricular cells to studies of binding of four calcium channel-blocking drugs to the same preparation under the same(More)
Saxitoxin (STX) and tetrodotoxin (TTX) are frequently used to selectively block sodium channels. In this study, we provide evidence that commercial STX also inhibits L-type Ca2+ currents (I(Ca,L)) in adult mouse ventricular myocytes (VMs) and tsA-201 cells that were transiently cotransfected with three calcium channel subunits. We measured inhibition of(More)
Adult human enteroviral heart disease is often associated with the detection of enteroviral RNA in cardiac muscle tissue in the absence of infectious virus. Passage of coxsackievirus B3 (CVB3) in adult murine cardiomyocytes produced CVB3 that was noncytolytic in HeLa cells. Detectable but noncytopathic CVB3 was also isolated from hearts of mice inoculated(More)
Mouse myocyte contractility and the changes induced by pressure overload are not fully understood. We studied contractile reserve in isolated left ventricular myocytes from mice with ascending aortic stenosis (AS) during compensatory hypertrophy (4-week AS) and the later stage of early failure (7-week AS) and from control mice. Myocyte contraction and(More)
We examined the dependence of peak Na+ pump and Na+/Ca2+ exchanger currents on prior Na+ pump inhibition induced by exposure to zero extracellular K+ in voltage-clamped adult murine ventricular myocytes. Abrupt activation of the Na+ pump by reexposure of myocytes to extracellular K+ with a rapid solution switcher resulted in the development of a transient(More)
The autosomal dominant mutation in the human alphaB-crystallin gene inducing a R120G amino acid exchange causes a multisystem, protein aggregation disease including cardiomyopathy. The pathogenesis of cardiomyopathy in this mutant (hR120GCryAB) is poorly understood. Here, we show that transgenic mice overexpressing cardiac-specific hR120GCryAB recapitulate(More)
We measured [Ca2+]i and [Na+]i in isolated transgenic (TG) mouse myocytes overexpressing the Na+-Ca2+ exchanger and in wild-type (WT) myocytes. In TG myocytes, the peak systolic level and amplitude of electrically stimulated (ES) [Ca2+]i transients (0.25 Hz) were not significantly different from those in WT myocytes, but the time to peak [Ca2+]i was(More)
The biochemical basis of the mechanism of vasodilatation by nitroglycerin (NTG) has not been previously investigated in man. However, evidence from in vitro studies suggests that NTG induces activation of guanylate cyclase via a series of enzymatic reactions that are modulated by the availability of sulfhydryl groups. Cysteine appears to be particularly(More)
The P2X4 purinergic receptor (P2X4R) is a ligand-gated ion channel. Its activation by extracellular ATP results in Ca2+ influx. Transgenic cardiac overexpression of the human P2X4 receptor showed an in vitro phenotype of enhanced basal contractility. The objective here was to determine the in vivo cardiac physiological role of this receptor. Specifically,(More)