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Saxitoxin (STX) and tetrodotoxin (TTX) are frequently used to selectively block sodium channels. In this study, we provide evidence that commercial STX also inhibits L-type Ca2+ currents (I(Ca,L)) in adult mouse ventricular myocytes (VMs) and tsA-201 cells that were transiently cotransfected with three calcium channel subunits. We measured inhibition of(More)
We examined the dependence of peak Na+ pump and Na+/Ca2+ exchanger currents on prior Na+ pump inhibition induced by exposure to zero extracellular K+ in voltage-clamped adult murine ventricular myocytes. Abrupt activation of the Na+ pump by reexposure of myocytes to extracellular K+ with a rapid solution switcher resulted in the development of a transient(More)
The autosomal dominant mutation in the human alphaB-crystallin gene inducing a R120G amino acid exchange causes a multisystem, protein aggregation disease including cardiomyopathy. The pathogenesis of cardiomyopathy in this mutant (hR120GCryAB) is poorly understood. Here, we show that transgenic mice overexpressing cardiac-specific hR120GCryAB recapitulate(More)
We measured [Ca2+]i and [Na+]i in isolated transgenic (TG) mouse myocytes overexpressing the Na+-Ca2+ exchanger and in wild-type (WT) myocytes. In TG myocytes, the peak systolic level and amplitude of electrically stimulated (ES) [Ca2+]i transients (0.25 Hz) were not significantly different from those in WT myocytes, but the time to peak [Ca2+]i was(More)
—We measured [Ca 2ϩ ] i and [Na ϩ ] i in isolated transgenic (TG) mouse myocytes overexpressing the Na ϩ-Ca 2ϩ exchanger and in wild-type (WT) myocytes. In TG myocytes, the peak systolic level and amplitude of electrically stimulated (ES) [Ca 2ϩ ] i transients (0.25 Hz) were not significantly different from those in WT myocytes, but the time to peak [Ca 2ϩ
Adult human enteroviral heart disease is often associated with the detection of enteroviral RNA in cardiac muscle tissue in the absence of infectious virus. Passage of coxsackievirus B3 (CVB3) in adult murine cardiomyocytes produced CVB3 that was noncytolytic in HeLa cells. Detectable but noncytopathic CVB3 was also isolated from hearts of mice inoculated(More)
Mouse myocyte contractility and the changes induced by pressure overload are not fully understood. We studied contractile reserve in isolated left ventricular myocytes from mice with ascending aortic stenosis (AS) during compensatory hypertrophy (4-week AS) and the later stage of early failure (7-week AS) and from control mice. Myocyte contraction and(More)
The P2X4 receptor is a newly identified receptor expressed in the heart cell. Its function was elucidated with cardiac transgenic (TG) expression of the receptor by using the myocardium-specific a-myosin heavy chain promoter. The presence of the transgene was determined by polymerase chain reaction by using primers specific to the receptor and the vector(More)
A unipositional lead system has been developed to record the human magnetic heart vector and to permit comparison with the electric heart vector recorded with a conventional Frank lead system. Recordings made in five normal subjects showed a remarkably consistent relation between the electric and magnetic heart vectors. However, the angle between electric(More)
The relative magnitudes and functional significance of Ca extrusion by Na-Ca exchange and by an Nao-independent mechanism were investigated in monolayer cultures of chick embryo ventricular cells. Abrupt exposure of cells in 0-Nao, nominally 0-Cao solution to 20 mM caffeine produced a large contracture (3.94 +/- 0.90 micron of cell shortening) that relaxed(More)