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To get a better understanding of mutagenic mechanisms in humans, we have cloned and sequenced the human homolog of the Saccharomyces cerevisiae REV3 gene. The yeast gene encodes the catalytic subunit of DNA polymerase zeta, a nonessential enzyme that is thought to carry out translesion replication and is responsible for virtually all DNA damage-induced(More)
In Saccharomyces cerevisiae, most mutations induced by a wide range of mutagens arise during translesion replication employing the REV1 gene product and DNA polymerase zeta. As part of an effort to investigate mammalian mutagenic mechanisms, we have identified cDNA clones of the human homologs of the yeast REV genes and examined their function in UV(More)
In yeast, mutations induced by UV radiation are dependent on the function of the Rev1 gene product, a Y-family DNA polymerase that assists in translesion replication with potentially mutagenic consequences. Human REV1 has been cloned, but its role in mutagenesis and carcinogenesis remains obscure. To examine the role of REV1 in UV mutagenesis in human cells(More)
Y-family DNA-polymerases have larger active sites that can accommodate bulky DNA adducts allowing them to bypass these lesions during replication. One member, polymerase eta (pol eta), is specialized for the bypass of UV-induced thymidine-thymidine dimers, correctly inserting two adenines. Loss of pol eta function is the molecular basis for xeroderma(More)
The discovery of G-rich oligonucleotides (GROs) that have non-antisense antiproliferative activity against a number of cancer cell lines has been recently described. This biological activity of GROs was found to be associated with their ability to form stable G-quartet-containing structures and their binding to a specific cellular protein, most likely(More)
Immortalized cells frequently have disruptions of p53 activity and lack p53-dependent nucleotide excision repair (NER). We hypothesized that telomerase immortalization would not alter p53-mediated ultraviolet light (UV)-induced DNA damage responses. DNA repair proficient primary diploid human fibroblasts (GM00024) were immortalized by transduction with a(More)
The higher frequency of lung adenocarcinoma in women smokers than in men smokers suggests a role for gender-dependent factors in the etiology of lung cancer. We evaluated estrogen receptor (ER) alpha and beta expression and activity in human lung adenocarcinoma cell lines and normal lung fibroblasts. Full-length ERalpha and ERbeta proteins were expressed in(More)
DNA polymerase iota (pol iota) is a conserved Y family enzyme that is implicated in translesion DNA synthesis (TLS) but whose cellular functions remain uncertain. To test the hypothesis that pol iota performs TLS in cells, we compared UV-induced mutagenesis in primary fibroblasts derived from wild-type mice to mice lacking functional pol eta, pol iota, or(More)
In the budding yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, DNA polymerase zeta (pol zeta) is responsible for the great majority of mutations generated during error-prone translesion replication of DNA that contains UV-induced lesions. The catalytic subunit of pol zeta is encoded by the Rev3 gene. The orthologue of Rev3 has been cloned from higher eukaryotic cells,(More)