William G Noid

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By focusing on essential features, while averaging over less important details, coarse-grained (CG) models provide significant computational and conceptual advantages with respect to more detailed models. Consequently, despite dramatic advances in computational methodologies and resources, CG models enjoy surging popularity and are becoming increasingly(More)
Coarse-grained (CG) models enable highly efficient simulations of complex processes that cannot be effectively studied with more detailed models. CG models are often parameterized using either force- or structure-motivated approaches. The present work investigates parallels between these seemingly divergent approaches by examining the relative entropy and(More)
By eliminating unnecessary degrees of freedom, coarse-grained (CG) models tremendously facilitate numerical calculations and theoretical analyses of complex phenomena. However, their success critically depends upon the representation of the system and the effective potential that governs the CG degrees of freedom. This work investigates the relationship(More)
This chapter provides a primer on theories for coarse-grained (CG) modeling and, in particular, reviews several systematic methods for determining effective potentials for CG models. The chapter first reviews a statistical mechanics framework for relating atomistic and CG models. This framework naturally leads to a quantitative criterion for CG models that(More)
Glycosylation regulates vital cellular processes and dramatically influences protein folding and stability. In particular, experiments have demonstrated that asparagine (N)-linked disaccharides drive a "conformational switch" in a model peptide. The present work investigates this conformational switch via extensive atomically detailed replica exchange(More)
By dephosphorylating the C-terminal domain (CTD) of RNA polymerase II (Pol II), the Transcription Factor IIF (TFIIF)-associating CTD phosphatase (FCP1) performs an essential function in recycling Pol II for subsequent rounds of transcription. The interaction between FCP1 and TFIIF is mediated by the disordered C-terminal tail of FCP1, which folds to form an(More)
Over the past decade, microRNAs (miRNAs) have been shown to affect gene regulation by basepairing with messenger RNA, and their misregulation has been directly linked with cancer. DGCR8, a protein that contains two dsRNA-binding domains (dsRBDs) in tandem, is vital for nuclear maturation of primary miRNAs (pri-miRNAs) in connection with the RNase III enzyme(More)
This work investigates the capability of bottom-up methods for parametrizing minimal coarse-grained (CG) models of disordered and helical peptides. We consider four high-resolution peptide ensembles that demonstrate varying degrees of complexity. For each high-resolution ensemble, we parametrize a CG model via the multiscale coarse-graining (MS-CG) method,(More)
We report atomically detailed molecular dynamics simulations characterizing the interaction of the RAP74 winged helix domain with the intrinsically disordered C-terminal of FCP1. The RAP74-FCP1 complex promotes the essential dephosphorylation of RNA polymerase II prior to initiation of transcription. Although disordered in solution, the C-terminal of FCP1(More)
Broad interest in the thermodynamic driving forces of coupled macromolecular folding and binding is motivated by the prevalence of disorder-to-order transitions observed when intrinsically disordered proteins (IDPs) bind to their partners. Isothermal titration calorimetry (ITC) is one of the few methods available for completely evaluating the thermodynamic(More)