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Prophylactic fluconazole prevents candidiasis; however, this drug has no activity against molds. We performed a randomized trial to determine whether prophylactic itraconazole prevents invasive mold infections (IMIs). A total of 304 patients receiving allogeneic stem cell transplants (SCT) were randomized to receive fluconazole (400 mg/d) or itraconazole(More)
In the current era of effective prophylactic and preemptive therapy, cytomegalovirus (CMV) is now a rare cause of early mortality after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). However, the ultimate goal of completely eliminating the impact of CMV on survival remains elusive. Although the direct effects of CMV (ie, CMV pneumonia) have been largely(More)
Parainfluenza virus (PIV) infections may be significant causes of morbidity and mortality in patients undergoing stem cell transplantation, but data regarding their impact on transplant-related mortality is limited. This study sought to determine the risk factors of PIV acquisition and progression to lower respiratory tract infection, their impact on(More)
BACKGROUND Community-acquired respiratory viruses, such as influenza virus, are thought to be major causes of morbidity and mortality in patients who had undergone hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). Risk factors for acquisition, progression to pneumonia, and the effect of antiviral therapy are unknown. METHODS We reviewed records from(More)
Cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection is a major cause of morbidity and mortality after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. Significant progress has been made in the prevention of CMV disease over the past decade, but prevention of late CMV disease continues to be a challenge in selected high-risk populations. The pretransplantation CMV serostatus of the(More)
The impact of cytomegalovirus (CMV) serostatus (seropositive [(+)] or seronegative [(-)]) of the donor (D) and recipient (R) on mortality after allogeneic non-T cell-depleted stem cell transplantation (SCT) in the era of preemptive therapy was assessed among 1750 patients by means of multivariable Cox regression models. In an analysis that included only(More)
A regimen of busulfan and cyclophosphamide is standard therapy before transplantation of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cells in patients with chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) or myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS). The clinical trial reported here was undertaken to test the hypothesis that fludarabine can replace cyclophosphamide in this regimen and facilitate(More)
Previous studies have shown that detection of cytomegalovirus (CMV) DNA in plasma is less sensitive than the antigenemia assay for CMV surveillance in blood. In 1,983 blood samples, plasma PCR assays with three different primer sets (UL125 alone, UL126 alone, and UL55/UL123-exon 4) were compared to the pp65 antigenemia assay and blood cultures. Plasma PCR(More)
Community respiratory viruses (CRVs) are an important cause of morbidity and mortality among recipients of hematopoietic stem cell transplants (HSCT). At the Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) and parainfluenza virus (PIV) infections in HSCT recipients have been studied intensively for more than a decade. Over time,(More)
Despite advances in the management of myeloablative allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplants, airflow obstruction (AFO) remains a significant complication. We conducted a 12-year study to examine the recent epidemiology of AFO and its associated mortality. Using the rate of percent predicted FEV1 decline after transplant, we defined AFO as a more than(More)