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PURPOSE The diagnosis of monoclonal B-cell lymphocytosis (MBL) is used to characterize patients with a circulating population of clonal B cells, a total B-cell count of less than 5 x 10(9)/L, and no other features of a B-cell lymphoproliferative disorder including lymphadenopathy/organomegaly. The natural history of clinically identified MBL is unclear. The(More)
The diagnosis of chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) in asymptomatic patients has historically been based on documenting a characteristic lymphocyte clone and the presence of lymphocytosis. There are minimal data regarding which lymphocyte parameter (absolute lymphocyte count [ALC] or B-cell count) and what threshold should be used for diagnosis. We analyzed(More)
The diagnosis of granular lymphocytic leukaemia (GLL) requires the presence of an immunophenotypically distinct T-cell (T-GLL) or natural killer-cell (NK-GLL) population. Flow cytometric immunophenotyping was performed on 21 T-GLL patients, 11 NK-GLL patients and 20 normal control subjects using antibodies to T and NK cell-associated antigens in order to(More)
Smoldering multiple myeloma (SMM) carries a 50% risk of progression to multiple myeloma (MM) or related malignancy within the first 5 years following diagnosis. The goal of this study was to determine if high levels of circulating plasma cells (PCs) are predictive of SMM transformation within the first 2-3 years from diagnosis. Ninety-one patients diagnosed(More)
Highly sensitive flow cytometry studies may incidentally identify B cell clones when used to assess plasma cell clonality in bone marrows. Clinical history, which can help differentiate related clones (low grade B cell lymphoma with plasmacytic differentiation/LBCL-PD) from unrelated ones (plasma cell proliferative disorder (PCPD) with an unrelated B cell(More)
The macrolide rapamycin (RAP) is a potent inhibitor of interleukin-2 (IL-2)-induced T-cell proliferation. Current models suggest that RAP, when complexed to its intracellular receptor, FK506-binding protein, interferes with an IL-2 receptor-coupled signaling pathway required for cell-cycle progression from G1- to S-phase. Here we show that RAP treatment(More)
OBJECTIVE We sought to better define a group of rare and poorly understood myeloproliferative disorders that are characterized by prominent chronic basophilia in the absence of the Philadelphia chromosome (Ph) or its molecular equivalent. METHODS We screened our institution's electronic database from 1975 onwards, and identified four such cases. Clinical(More)
Characteristically, mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) expresses surface immunoglobulin (sIg), CD19, CD20, and CD5 and lacks CD10 and CD23. Rare CD5-MCL variants have been described. This report describes a case of leukemic MCL with morphologically and immunophenotypically distinct classic MCL and blastoid-variant MCL (BV-MCL) components. The classic MCL had(More)
Molecular genetic T-cell receptor (TCR) and flow cytometric analysis using antibodies to conventional T-cell antigens and TCR beta-chain variable region families (TCR-Vbeta) were performed in 65 peripheral blood specimens evaluated for potential involvement by a T-cell lymphoproliferative disorder (TCLPD). A normal or reactive conventional T-cell(More)
Natural killer (NK) cells provide anti-infectious, anti-neoplastic, and immunomodulatory function effected by both cytokine production and direct cellular cytotoxicity that is not major histocompatibility complex-restricted. NK cells lack truly specific cell surface determinants as well as antigen-specific receptors. Recent information suggests a variety of(More)