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PURPOSE The diagnosis of monoclonal B-cell lymphocytosis (MBL) is used to characterize patients with a circulating population of clonal B cells, a total B-cell count of less than 5 x 10(9)/L, and no other features of a B-cell lymphoproliferative disorder including lymphadenopathy/organomegaly. The natural history of clinically identified MBL is unclear. The(More)
We report a case of an inflammatory pseudotumor (IPT) of the spleen occurring in an 81-year-old woman with a history of a monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance. Eighteen-month follow-up after splenectomy demonstrated no tumor recurrence or progression of underlying plasma cell disease. Histologic examination of the tumor demonstrated a(More)
Two unusual cases of large B-cell lymphoma with predominant splenic and bone marrow (BM) involvement and similar clinical and histopathologic features are described. Both patients presented with nonspecific constitutional symptoms, unexplained cytopenias, and splenomegaly. Splenectomy revealed diffuse red pulp involvement by large B-cell lymphoma. The(More)
The diagnosis of chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) in asymptomatic patients has historically been based on documenting a characteristic lymphocyte clone and the presence of lymphocytosis. There are minimal data regarding which lymphocyte parameter (absolute lymphocyte count [ALC] or B-cell count) and what threshold should be used for diagnosis. We analyzed(More)
Waldenström macroglobulinemia is a B-cell malignancy with lymphoplasmacytic infiltration in the bone marrow or lymphatic tissue and a monoclonal immunoglobulin M protein (IgM) in the serum. It is incurable with current therapy, and the decision to treat patients as well as the choice of treatment can be complex. Using a risk-adapted approach, we provide(More)
Peripheral T-cell lymphomas (PTCLs) are fatal in the majority of patients and novel treatments, such as protein tyrosine kinase (PTK) inhibition, are needed. The recent finding of SYK/ITK translocations in rare PTCLs led us to examine the expression of Syk PTK in 141 PTCLs. Syk was positive by immunohistochemistry (IHC) in 133 PTCLs (94%), whereas normal T(More)
The diagnosis of granular lymphocytic leukaemia (GLL) requires the presence of an immunophenotypically distinct T-cell (T-GLL) or natural killer-cell (NK-GLL) population. Flow cytometric immunophenotyping was performed on 21 T-GLL patients, 11 NK-GLL patients and 20 normal control subjects using antibodies to T and NK cell-associated antigens in order to(More)
Unlike other leukemia types in which the bone marrow findings are diagnostic, the bone marrow pathology of T-cell granular lymphocytic leukemia (GLL) is subtle and ill-defined. In this study, bone marrow biopsy specimens from 36 patients with T-cell GLL and from 25 control patients with cytopenias and relative or absolute increases in blood large granular(More)
Smoldering multiple myeloma (SMM) carries a 50% risk of progression to multiple myeloma (MM) or related malignancy within the first 5 years following diagnosis. The goal of this study was to determine if high levels of circulating plasma cells (PCs) are predictive of SMM transformation within the first 2-3 years from diagnosis. Ninety-one patients diagnosed(More)
Highly sensitive flow cytometry studies may incidentally identify B cell clones when used to assess plasma cell clonality in bone marrows. Clinical history, which can help differentiate related clones (low grade B cell lymphoma with plasmacytic differentiation/LBCL-PD) from unrelated ones (plasma cell proliferative disorder (PCPD) with an unrelated B cell(More)