William G. Glass

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The molecular immunopathogenesis of West Nile virus (WNV) infection is poorly understood. Here, we characterize a mouse model for WNV using a subcutaneous route of infection and delineate leukocyte subsets and immunoregulatory factors present in the brains of infected mice. Central nervous system (CNS) expression of the chemokine receptor CCR5 and its(More)
West Nile virus (WNV) is a reemerging pathogen that causes fatal encephalitis in several species, including mouse and human. Recently, we showed that the chemokine receptor CCR5 is critical for survival of mice infected with WNV, acting at the level of leukocyte trafficking to the brain. To test whether this receptor is also protective in man, we determined(More)
Studies were performed to investigate the contributions of the CC chemokine receptor CCR5 in host defense and disease development following intracranial infection with mouse hepatitis virus (MHV). T cell recruitment was impaired in MHV-infected CCR5(-/-) mice at day 7 postinfection (pi), which correlated with increased (P < or = 0.03) titers within the(More)
Intracerebral infection of mice with mouse hepatitis virus, a member of the Coronaviridae family, reproducibly results in an acute encephalomyelitis that progresses to a chronic demyelinating disease. The ensuing neuropathology during the chronic stage of disease is primarily immune mediated and similar to that of the human demyelinating disease multiple(More)
PURPOSE OF REVIEW Chemokines are important inflammatory mediators, and regulate disease due to viral infection. This article will discuss scientific papers published primarily since June 2002 that have introduced new concepts in how chemokines regulate the inflammatory response to specific viruses. RECENT FINDINGS Acute respiratory viruses commonly induce(More)
Given that CD4+ cells are found in the lungs of patients with fibrotic lung diseases such as idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) we hypothesized that IL-16, a potent chemoattractant for CD4+ cells, may be involved in the pathogenesis of this disease. We found that baseline IL-16 gene expression is greater in fibroblasts isolated from IPF patients compared(More)
Over the past two decades, our understanding of interleukin-16 (IL-16) has increased substantially. Initial studies characterizing IL-16 as a chemotactic cytokine (but not a chemokine) just scratched the surface of the unique properties of this cytokine. Since then, scientists have determined that IL-16 has a wide range of effects on cells, including(More)
We describe a model of severe acute respiratory syndrome-coronavirus (SARS-CoV) infection in C57BL/6 mice. A clinical isolate of the virus introduced intranasally replicated transiently to high levels in the lungs of these mice, with a peak on day 3 and clearance by day 9 postinfection. Viral RNA localized to bronchial and bronchiolar epithelium. Expression(More)