William Farrell

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Each differentiated cell type has its own epigenetic signature, which reflects its genotype, developmental history, and environmental influences, and is ultimately reflected in the phenotype of the cell and organism. Some cells undergo major epigenetic 'reprogramming' during fetal development. The proper, or improper, handling of these highly sensitive(More)
We recently showed loss of pRb in a proportion of pituitary tumors that was not associated with loss of heterozygosity of an RB1 intragenic marker. To further define the mechanism responsible for loss of retinoblastoma protein (pRb) expression, we have investigated the methylation status of the CpG island contained within the promoter region of the RB1(More)
DNA methylation at promoter CpG islands (CGI) is an epigenetic modification associated with inappropriate gene silencing in multiple tumor types. In the absence of a human pituitary tumor cell line, small interfering RNA-mediated knockdown of the maintenance methyltransferase DNA methyltransferase (cytosine 5)-1 (Dnmt1) was used in the murine pituitary(More)
BACKGROUND Increased secretion of growth hormone leads to gigantism in children and acromegaly in adults; the genetic causes of gigantism and acromegaly are poorly understood. METHODS We performed clinical and genetic studies of samples obtained from 43 patients with gigantism and then sequenced an implicated gene in samples from 248 patients with(More)
Investigation of the epigenome of sporadic pituitary tumours is providing a more detailed understanding of aberrations that characterise this tumour type. Early studies, in this and other tumour types adopted candidate-gene approaches to characterise CpG island methylation as a mechanism responsible for or associated with gene silencing. However, more(More)
Inappropriate expression of cell-cycle regulatory genes and/or their protein products are a frequent finding in pituitary tumours; however, genetic changes associated with or responsible for their dysregulation are in general uncommon. In a search for novel genes, and employing cDNA-representational difference analysis, the gene encoding GADD45γ was(More)
Members of the cytochrome P450 and glutathione S-transferase supergene families are candidates for susceptibility and outcome in oral squamous cell cancer. We determined GSTM1, GSTM3, GSTT1, CYP1A1 and CYP2D6 genotypes in 100 Caucasian cases and 467 control individuals. The frequency of homozygosity for mutant CYP2D6 alleles was higher in the cases (P =(More)
Tumors of the pituitary gland are usually benign adenomas and account for 10% of all intracranial neoplasms. Five pituitary tumors have previously been reported to harbor multiple allelic deletions. Of these, three displayed particularly aggressive biological behavior, whereas there were no clinical details provided for the others. This study was designed(More)
The cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor 2A/multiple tumor suppressor gene 1 (CDKN2A/MTS//p16) plays an important role in the control of progression from G to S-phase of the cell cycle through the inhibition of CDK4-mediated RBI phosphorylation. In this study we investigated 46 nonfunctional pituitary tumors and 21 somatotrophinomas for aberrant methylation of(More)
Pituitary tumours are a common type of intracranial neoplasm and, depending on the cell type of origin, have diverse endocrine and reproductive effects. The developmental biology of the different cell types is understood to result from a sequential activation of a cascade of transcription factors, and mutations in these factors result in various forms of(More)