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BACKGROUND Intermittent claudication identifies persons at increased risk for death and disability. METHODS AND RESULTS Using 38-year follow-up data for the original cohort in the Framingham Heart Study, we developed an intermittent claudication risk profile. Intermittent claudication occurred in a total of 381 men and women. Age, sex, serum cholesterol,(More)
Uric acid excretion can be measured in milligrams of urinary uric acid per decilitre of glomerular filtrate by obtaining the product of urinary uric acid and serum creatinine concentrations and dividing by the urine creatinine (all concentrations in mg/dL). In 29 normal adult men, the excretion rate in spot, midmorning samples was 0.4 +/- 0.1 (SD) mg of(More)
We assessed the effect of two common mutations in the lipoprotein lipase gene (LPL), D9N and N291S, which have been shown to modulate plasma lipids in a wide spectrum of patients. A total of 1114 men and 1 144 women from the Framingham Offspring Study (FOS) were analyzed for these two LPL variants. Subsequently, the association with fasting plasma lipids(More)
Variation in the temporal pattern of vulnerability can provide important insights into predator-prey relationships and the evolution of antipredator behavior. We illustrate these points with a system that has coyotes (Canis latrans) as a predator and two species of congeneric deer (Odocoileus spp.) as prey. The deer employ different antipredator tactics(More)
PURPOSE A number of genes in the 9q34.11 region may be haploinsufficient. However, studies analyzing genotype-phenotype correlations of deletions encompassing multiple dosage-sensitive genes in the region are lacking. METHODS We mapped breakpoints of 10 patients with 9q34.11 deletions using high-resolution 9q34-specific array comparative genomic(More)
The thioredoxin/glutaredoxin family consists of small heat-stable proteins that have a highly conserved CXXC active site and that participate in the regulation of many redox reactions. We have searched the human genome sequence to find putative pseudogenes (non-functional copies of protein-coding genes) for all known members of this family. This survey has(More)
Angiogenesis, development of new blood vessels, is essential for wound healing and tumor growth. A potentially important side effect of anti-angiogenic therapy can be delayed wound healing. In this study we address this issue by using a novel in vivo method utilizing fibrin containing dual porous plexiglass chambers (Fibrin Z-Chambers; F-ZC) to investigate(More)
Zwitterionic 7-methoxyimino cephalosporins (cefpirome, cefepime, cefclidin, DQ2556, FK037 and SCE2787) possess a variable substitution at C3 which contains a quarternary nitrogen. These cephalosporins display low affinities for Class I beta-lactamase and rapid penetration through the outer membrane of Gram-negative bacilli, so that an increased number of(More)
Deletion of chromosome 13q14 is the most frequent genetic aberration in B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), found in more than 50% of cases, indicating that this region contains a gene(s) involved in the development of CLL. However, the pathogenic gene in the critical 13q14 region has not yet been defined. Here, we have cloned and characterized a(More)