William F Tivol

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Electron cryotomography can be used to solve the three-dimensional structures of individual large macromolecules, assemblies, and even small intact cells to medium (approximately 4-8 nm) resolution in a near-native state, but restrictions in the range of accessible views are a major limitation. Here we report on the design, characterization, and(More)
The use of an alkane mixture that remains liquid at 77 K to freeze specimens has advantages over the use of a pure alkane that is solid at 77 K. It was found that a mixture of methane and ethane did not give a cooling rate adequate to produce vitreous ice, but a mixture of propane and ethane did result in vitreous ice. Furthermore, the latter mixture(More)
Electron cryotomography is the highest-resolution structural technique currently available that can be applied to unique objects such as flexible large protein complexes, irregular viruses, organelles and small cells. Specimens are preserved in a near-native, 'frozen-hydrated' state by vitrification. The thickness of the vitreous ice must be optimized for(More)
Deposits left by electrodes and biocompatibility test specimens implanted in brain or peripheral nerve were characterized by X-ray microprobe analysis, electron diffraction and stereoscopic imaging using a high-voltage electron microscope. Examination of thick (1-micron) sections of neural tissue confirmed that the electron-dense bodies found adjacent to(More)
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