William F. Thompson

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A method is presented for the rapid isolation of high molecular weight plant DNA (50,000 base pairs or more in length) which is free of contaminants which interfere with complete digestion by restriction endonucleases. The procedure yields total cellular DNA (i.e. nuclear, chloroplast, and mitochondrial DNA). The technique is ideal for the rapid isolation(More)
We have previously shown that yeast scaffold attachment regions (SARs) flanking a chimeric beta-glucuronidase (GUS) reporter gene increased per-copy expression levels by 24-fold in tobacco suspension cell lines stably transformed by microprojectile bombardment. In this study, we examined the effect of a DNA fragment originally identified in a tobacco(More)
We describe a modification of the DNA extraction method, in which cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB) is used to extract nucleic acids from plant tissues. In contrast to the original method, the modified CTAB procedure is faster, omits the selective precipitation and CsCl gradient steps, uses less expensive and toxic reagents, requires only inexpensive(More)
The yeast ARS-1 element contains a scaffold attachment region (SAR) that we have previously shown can bind to plant nuclear scaffolds in vitro. To test effects on expression, constructs in which a chimeric beta-glucuronidase (GUS) gene was flanked by this element were delivered into tobacco suspension cells by microprojectile bombardment. In stably(More)
DNA in the nuclei of eukaryotic organisms undergoes a hierarchy of folding to be packaged into interphase and metaphase chromosomes. The first level of packaging is the 11-nm nucleosome fiber, which is further coiled into a 30-nm fiber. Evidence from fungal and animal systems reveals the existence of higher order packaging consisting of loops of the 30-nm(More)
Matrix attachment regions (MARs) are operationally defined as DNA elements that bind specifically to the nuclear matrix in vitro. It is possible, although unproven, that they also mediate binding of chromatin to the nuclear matrix in vivo and alter the topology of the genome in interphase nuclei. When MARs are positioned on either side of a transgene their(More)
Core DNA replication proteins mediate the initiation, elongation, and Okazaki fragment maturation functions of DNA replication. Although this process is generally conserved in eukaryotes, important differences in the molecular architecture of the DNA replication machine and the function of individual subunits have been reported in various model systems. We(More)
AT-rich sequences in the 5′ flanking regions of several plant genes have been shown to bind nuclear proteins, but the nature of these proteins has remained largely unknown. We report here that certain plant high mobility group (HMG) chromosomal proteins can interact specifically (in the presence of excess non-specific competitor) with AT-rich sequences(More)
Cytosine methylation has been studied in wheat rRNA genes at nucleolar organizers displaying different activities. The methylation pattern within a specific multigene locus is influenced by the number and type of rRNA genes in other rDNA loci in the cell. One CCGG site 164 base-pairs upstream from the start of transcription is preferentially unmethylated in(More)
A complete ribosomal DNA (rDNA) repeat unit has been cloned from the genome of Pisum sativum (garden pea) and used to construct a map containing a total of 58 cleavage sites for 23 different restriction enzymes. Regions encoding 18s and 25s ribosomal RNA (rRNA) were identified by R-loop analysis. A 180 bp sequence element is repeated eight times in the(More)